Translation of "on" - English-Traditional Chinese dictionary

on

preposition uk /ɒn/ us /ɑːn/
ABOVE 在…之上

A1 used to show that something is in a position above something else and touching it, or that something is moving into such a position

在…上面;到…上面
Look at all the books on your desk! 看看你書桌上這麼多書!
Ow, you're standing on my foot! 哎喲,你踩著我的腳了!
Your suitcase is on top of the wardrobe. 你的手提箱在衣櫃頂。
They live in that old house on the hill. 他們住在山上的那間舊農舍裡。
I got on my bike and left. 我騎上腳踏車離開了。
CONNECTED 有聯繫的

A1 covering the surface of, being held by, or connected to something

在…上;連上的
There's blood on your shirt. 你的襯衫上沾了血。
Which finger do you wear your ring on? 你把戒指戴在哪隻手指上?
Can you stand on your head? 你會倒立嗎?
We could hang this picture on the wall next to the door. 我們可以把這幅畫掛在門旁的牆上。
Dogs should be kept on their leashes at all times. 狗應該一直用皮帶拴著。
UK We've just moved house and we're not on the phone (= not connected to the phone service) yet. 我們剛搬了家,還沒有接通電話。
TIME 時間

A1 used to show when something happens

(發生)在…時候
Hair salons don't usually open on Sundays. 許多商店星期天不開門。
What are you doing on Friday? 星期五你要做甚麼?
My birthday's on 30 May. 我的生日是5月30日。
Would you mind telling me what you were doing on the afternoon of Friday the 13th of March? 能否告訴我3月13日星期五下午你在做甚麼?
The bells in the clock tower ring every hour on the hour (= at exactly one o'clock, two o'clock, etc.). 開往倫敦的火車每小時整點開出。
On a clear day you can see the mountains from here. 在晴天,從這兒可以看到那些山巒。
She was dead on arrival (= dead when she arrived) at the hospital. 她剛到醫院就死了。
Please leave your key at the reception desk on your departure from (= when you leave) the hotel. 離開飯店時,請把鎖匙交到服務台。
WRITING

A2 used to show where something has been written, printed, or drawn

(寫、印或畫)在…上
Which page is that curry recipe on? 那道咖喱菜的做法在第幾頁?
His initials were engraved on the back of his watch. 他姓名的首字母刻在了他手錶的後蓋上。
What's on the menu tonight? (= What food is available?) 今晚菜單上有甚麼菜?
TRAVEL 旅行

A2 used for showing some methods of travelling

乘,上(車等)
I love travelling on trains. 我喜歡乘火車旅行。
She's coming in on the 5.30 bus. 她將乘坐5點30分的火車到達。
We went to France on the ferry. 我們乘渡輪去法國。
It'd be quicker to get there on foot. 步行到那裡更快些。
two figures on horseback 馬背上的兩個身影
PROCESS 過程

used to show that a condition or process is being experienced

處於…狀況(或過程)中
He accidentally set his bed on fire. 他無意中燒著了自己的床。
Max's on holiday this week. 馬丁這星期在渡假。
I often get carsick when I'm on a long journey. 長途旅行時我經常感到暈車浪。
Crime is on the increase (= is increasing) again. 犯罪活動又開始抬頭了。
UK Their flights to Paris are on special offer at the moment. 他們飛往巴黎的航班目前正有折扣優惠。
UK I'll be away on a training course next week. 下星期我要外出參加一個訓練班。
RECORDING 錄製/表演

A2 used to show the form in which something is recorded or performed

(記錄、錄製或演出)以…方式,透過,使用
How much data can you store on the flash drive? 一張軟磁碟能儲存多少數據?
When's the movie coming out on DVD? 這部電影的錄影帶甚麼時候推出?
I was really embarrassed the first time I saw myself on film. 第一次看到自己上電影時,我覺得很尷尬。
What's on TV tonight? 今晚電視有甚麼節目?
I wish there was more jazz on the radio. 我希望收音機裡多播放一些爵士樂。
PAIN 痛苦

B2 used to show what causes pain or injury as a result of being touched

在…上(受傷或碰傷)
I hit my head on the shelf as I was standing up. 我站起來的時候,頭撞到架子。
Be careful not to cut yourself on that knife. 你要是不小心,會被那把刀刮傷的。
TO

A2 to or towards

在;向,朝,對
Our house is the first on the left after the post office. 我們家是郵局過後靠左第一家。
The attack on the village lasted all night. 對該村莊的進攻持續了一整夜。
I wish you wouldn't sneak up on me like that! 我希望你不要那樣躡手躡腳地靠近我!
RELATING 相關的

B1 relating to

關於,有關;涉及
a book on pregnancy 關於妊娠的書
Her talk is on Italian women's literature. 她的論文是關於義大利女性文學的。
The minister has refused to comment on the allegations. 部長拒絕對指控作出評論。
Criticism has no effect on him. 批評對他不起作用。
Do the police have anything on you (= do they have any information about you that can be used against you)? 警方有沒有抓住你甚麼把柄?
MONEY

A2 used to show something for which a payment is made

付錢買…;在…上(花費)
He spent180 on a hat. 買一頂帽子,他花了80英鎊。
I've wasted a lot of money on this car. 我在這輛汽車上浪費了許多金錢。
We made a big profit on that deal. 我們在那筆生意上獲利甚豐。
How much interest are you paying on the loan? 這筆貸款你要支付多少利息?
NECESSARY 必要的

used to show a person or thing that is necessary for something to happen or that is the origin of something

(表示需要或緣由)靠,指望,憑
We're relying on you. 我們要靠你了。
I might come - it depends on Andrew. 我可能會來——這取決於安德魯。
Most children remain dependent on their parents while they are at university. 大多數孩子上大學期間仍然依賴他們的父母。
His latest movie is based on a fairy tale. 他的新電影是根據一個童話故事改編的。
INVOLVEMENT 參與

used to show when someone is involved or taking part in something

(表示牽涉或參與其中)在從事…
I'm working on a new book. 我正在寫一本新書。
"Where had we got up to?" "We were on page 42." 「我們講到哪裡了?」「我們講到第42頁了。」
FINANCIAL SUPPORT 經濟支持

used to show what is providing financial support or an income

以…為生,以…為收入
I only have $70 a week to live on at the moment. 目前我每週只靠50英鎊的收入過活。
He retired on a generous pension from the company. 他退休後靠公司提供的豐厚退休金生活。
UK She's on (= earning) £25,000 a year. 她的全年收入為1.5萬英鎊。
FOOD/FUEL/DRUG 食物/燃料/毒品

B2 used to show something that is used as food, fuel, or a drug

(指食物、燃料、藥物等)用,吃,喝
What do mice live on? 老鼠吃甚麼為生?
Does this radio run on batteries? 這台收音機是用電池的嗎?
Is he on drugs? 他吸毒嗎?
NEXT TO 挨著

B1 next to or along the side of

靠近,挨著;沿著;在…旁
It's a small town on the Mississippi River. 劍橋位於劍河之畔。
Our house was on Sturton Street. 我們的房子在斯特頓大街上。
Strasbourg is on the border of France and Germany. 斯特拉斯堡位處德法邊界。
MEMBER 成員

C1 used to show when someone is a member of a group or organization

是…的成員;屬於…組織
Have you ever served on a jury? 你參加過陪審團嗎?
There are no women on the committee. 該委員會沒有女性。
How many people are on your staff? 你有多少職員?
UK She's a researcher on a women's magazine. 她在一家女性雜誌做調查員。
TOOL 工具

B1 used when referring to a tool, instrument, or system that is used to do something

(指工具、設備或系統)用,憑藉
I do all my household accounts on the computer. 我用電腦來處理全部的家庭賬目。
Chris is on drums and Mike's on bass guitar. 克裡斯打鼓,麥克彈低音電吉他。
I'm on (= talking on) the phone. 我正在打電話。
AGAIN

UK literary used to show when something is repeated one or more times

(用於表示一再重複)又,再
The government suffered defeat on defeat in the local elections. 本屆政府在地方選舉中一再受挫。
Wave on wave of refugees has crossed the border to escape the fighting. 一批又一批的難民為躲避戰爭而越過邊境。
COMPARISON 比較

used when making a comparison

(用於比較)與…相比
That's my final offer, and I can't improve on it. 950英鎊是我出的最高價,我不可能再提價了。
The manufacturer has never improved on the earliest model of the car.
UK The productivity figures are down/up on last week's. 與上周相比,生產率下降/上升了。
POSSESSION 擁有

C2 [ before pronoun ] used to show when someone has something in a pocket or in a bag that they are carrying

隨身攜帶
Do you have a spare pen on you? 你身上有沒有多餘的香煙?
I don't have my driving licence on me. 我沒帶駕駛執照。
AFTER 在…之後

happening after and usually because of

在…後;由於
Acting on information given to them anonymously, the police arrested him. 警方根據匿名人士提供的消息採取行動,逮捕了他。
He inherited a quarter of a million pounds on his mother's death. 他母親死後,他繼承了25萬英鎊。
On their return they discovered that their house had been broken into. 他們回來後發現家裡被盜。
PAYMENT 支付

informal used to show who is paying for something

由…支付
Dinner meal is on me. 這頓飯我付錢。
She had her operation done on the National Health Service. 她享受國民醫療保健制度,免費做了手術。
FAULTY 出故障的

used to show who suffers when something does not operate as it should

(表示運轉出故障時受影響的人)
The phone suddenly went dead on me. 我正在打電話,電話突然斷線了。
Their car broke down on them on the way home. 他們的汽車在高速公路上中途拋錨了。
POINTS 分數

UK used to show the number of points a person or team has in a competition

(競賽中)得…分
Clive's team is on five points while Joan's is on seven. 克萊夫所在隊得5分,瓊所在隊得7分。

Idiom(s)

adverb uk /ɒn/ us /ɑːn/
CONNECTED 有聯繫的

A2 on your body or someone's body

穿著(的),帶著(的)
It's very cold so put a coat on. 天氣很冷,穿上一件羊毛套衫吧。
She wanders around the house with nothing on. 她光著身體在房裡四處走動。
Can you remember what he had on (= was wearing)? 你記得他穿甚麼衣服嗎?
I tried on a few jackets, but none of them looked nice. 我試了好幾件外套,可是都不好看。

covering the surface of something or connected to something

蓋上(的);( 連)上(的)
Screw the lid on tightly. 把蓋子擰緊。
Surgeons managed to sew the finger back on.
OPERATING 運作中

B2 used to show when something is operating or starting to operate

開著;在工作中;開始運行
Could you switch on the radio? 你能把開收音機嗎?
Would you turn the TV on? 請開電視機好嗎?
You left the bedroom light on. 你忘了關睡房的燈。
NOT STOPPING 不停止

continuing or not stopping

繼續下去;不停地
If her phone's busy, keep on trying. 如果她的電話佔線,繼續打。
Stop talking and get on with your work. 別說話了,繼續做你們的事。
If Elise would just hang on (= wait) a little longer she'd definitely get the promotion. 要是埃莉斯願意再多堅持一下,她肯定會得到晉升。
The noise just went on and on (= continued for a long time), and I thought it would never stop. 噪音一直響個不停,我想它永遠也不會停的。
TRAVEL 旅行

B1 into a bus, train, plane, etc., or in the correct position to start using some other method of travelling

上公車、火車、飛機等交通工具
The train suddenly started moving as I was getting on. 我上車的時候,火車突然開動了。
Her horse galloped off as soon as she was on. 她剛上馬,馬就飛奔起來。
PERFORMING 表演

C2 performing

上場表演(的);在演出(的)
Hurry up with the make-up - I'm on in ten minutes. 趕快化妝——我10分鐘後出場。
The audience cheered as the band came on (= came onto the stage). 樂隊上臺的時候,觀眾們歡呼起來。
MOVING FORWARD 前進

B2 continuing forward in time or space

向前,前進地
They never spoke to each other from that day on (= after that day). 從那天起,他們彼此之間再沒說過話。
What are you doing later on? 你過一會兒要做甚麼?
When you're done with it, would you pass it on to Paul? 你看完後把它傳給保羅好嗎?
UK Move on, please, and let the ambulance through. 請往前,讓救護車過去。
UK You cycle on and I'll meet you there. 你騎車向前走,我在那裡和你會合。
HAPPENING 發生

B2 happening or planned

正在發生;根據預定計劃
Is the party still on for tomorrow? 明天聚會仍然舉行嗎?
I'm busy tomorrow, but I've got nothing on the day after. 我明天很忙,不過後天沒甚麼事。
I've got a lot on at the moment. 我這陣子事情很多。
Food had to be rationed when the war was on. 戰時食物必須實行定量配給。
Are there any good movies on (= being shown) this week? 這周電影院有甚麼好電影嗎?
POSITION 位置

used when talking about the position of one thing compared with the position of another

(用於表示相對位置)
It's amazing nobody was injured because the two buses crashed head on (= the front parts of the buses hit each other). 令人驚訝的是兩輛車正面相撞,居然沒有人受傷。
UK The bike hit our car side on (= hit the side of the car rather than the front or back). 腳踏車撞到了我們的車的側面。
UK It would be easier to get the bookcase through the doorway if we turned it sideways on (= turned it so that one of its sides is at the front). 如果我們把書櫃側過來,通過門道就比較容易。

(Translation of “on” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Traditional) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)