Translation of "strain" - English-Traditional Chinese dictionary


noun uk /streɪn/ us /streɪn/

B2 [ C usually singular or U ] a force or influence that stretches, pulls, or puts pressure on something, sometimes causing damage

The hurricane put such a strain on the bridge that it collapsed. 在颶風強大的威力之下,橋塌了。
As you get older, excess weight puts a lot of strain on the heart. 隨著年齡的增長,體重過重會給心臟造成很大負擔。
Their constant arguments were putting a strain on their marriage. 他們持續不斷的爭吵使他們的婚姻關係非常緊張。
The recent decline in the dollar has put a bigger strain on the economic system. 最近美元的貶值為經濟體系帶來更大壓力。
Migration into the cities is putting a strain on already stretched resources. 城市新移民為原本就已吃緊的資源造成更大壓力。

C2 [ C ] an injury to a muscle or similar soft part of the body caused by using that part too much

a groin/hamstring strain 腹股溝/膕腱拉傷
→ See also eyestrain

B2 [ C or U ] something that makes you feel nervous and worried

She's a lot better than she was but she's still not ready to face the stresses and strains of a job. 她比以前好多了,但仍然沒有準備好面對工作的緊張和壓力。
He's been under a lot of strain recently. 他最近壓力很大。

[ C ] a particular type or quality

A strain of puritanism runs through all her work. 她所有作品都帶有一種清教主義色彩。

[ C ] an animal or plant from a particular group whose characteristics are different in some way from others of the same group

Scientists have discovered a new strain of the virus which is much more dangerous. 科學家已經發現了一種更危險得多的新病毒。
strains [ plural ]

the sound of music being played or performed

I could hear the strains of Mozart in the background. 我聽見背景音樂中有莫札特的旋律。
verb uk /streɪn/ us /streɪn/

[ T ] to separate liquid food from solid food, especially by pouring it through a utensil with small holes in it

Could you strain the vegetables, please. 你能把蔬菜篩一篩嗎?
The oil in which the fish is fried is strained off and used to cook potatoes.

B2 [ I or T ] to become stretched or to experience pressure, or to make something do or experience this

I've put on such a lot of weight recently - this dress is straining at the seams. 我最近胖了很多——這條裙子穿上後緊繃繃的。
I strained a muscle in my back playing squash. 我打壁球拉傷了背肌。
Don't watch TV in the dark - you'll strain your eyes! 不要在黑暗中看電視——會傷害你的眼睛!
[ + to infinitive ] figurative I really had to strain (= try very hard) to reach those top notes. 我確實得拼盡全力才能唱出那些最高的音。
figurative I was straining (my ears) (= listening hard) to hear what they were saying. 我豎起耳朵,拼命想聽清他們在說甚麼。
→ Compare restrain

C2 [ T ] to cause too much of something to be used, especially money:

Increases in wholesale oil prices have strained the company's finances.

(Translation of “strain” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Traditional) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)