Translation of "strain" - English-Traditional Chinese dictionary

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uk /streɪn/ us /streɪn/

strain noun (PRESSURE)

B2 [ C usually singular or U ] a force or influence that stretches, pulls, or puts pressure on something, sometimes causing damage

The hurricane put such a strain on the bridge that it collapsed. 在颶風強大的威力之下,橋塌了。
As you get older, excess weight puts a lot of strain on the heart. 隨著年齡的增長,體重過重會給心臟造成很大負擔。
Their constant arguments were putting a strain on their marriage. 他們持續不斷的爭吵使他們的婚姻關係非常緊張。
The recent decline in the dollar has put a bigger strain on the economic system. 最近美元的貶值為經濟體系帶來更大壓力。
Migration into the cities is putting a strain on already stretched resources. 城市新移民為原本就已吃緊的資源造成更大壓力。

C2 [ C ] an injury to a muscle or similar soft part of the body caused by using that part too much

a groin/hamstring strain 腹股溝/膕腱拉傷
See also

B2 [ C or U ] something that makes you feel nervous and worried

She's a lot better than she was but she's still not ready to face the stresses and strains of a job. 她比以前好多了,但仍然沒有準備好面對工作的緊張和壓力。
He's been under a lot of strain recently. 他最近壓力很大。

More examples

strain noun (TYPE)

[ C ] a particular type or quality

A strain of puritanism runs through all her work. 她所有作品都帶有一種清教主義色彩。

[ C ] an animal or plant from a particular group whose characteristics are different in some way from others of the same group

Scientists have discovered a new strain of the virus which is much more dangerous. 科學家已經發現了一種更危險得多的新病毒。

strain noun (MUSIC)

strains [ plural ]

the sound of music being played or performed

I could hear the strains of Mozart in the background. 我聽見背景音樂中有莫札特的旋律。


uk /streɪn/ us /streɪn/

strain verb (SEPARATE)

[ T ] to separate liquid food from solid food, especially by pouring it through a utensil with small holes in it

Could you strain the vegetables, please. 你能把蔬菜篩一篩嗎?
The oil in which the fish is fried is strained off and used to cook potatoes.

strain verb (PRESSURE)

B2 [ I or T ] to become stretched or to experience pressure, or to make something do or experience this

I've put on such a lot of weight recently - this dress is straining at the seams. 我最近胖了很多——這條裙子穿上後緊繃繃的。
I strained a muscle in my back playing squash. 我打壁球拉傷了背肌。
Don't watch TV in the dark - you'll strain your eyes! 不要在黑暗中看電視——會傷害你的眼睛!
[ + to infinitive ] figurative I really had to strain (= try very hard) to reach those top notes. 我確實得拼盡全力才能唱出那些最高的音。
figurative I was straining (my ears) (= listening hard) to hear what they were saying. 我豎起耳朵,拼命想聽清他們在說甚麼。

(Translation of “strain” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Traditional) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)