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French translation of “hold”

hold

verb /həuld/ (past tense, past participle held /held/)
to have in one’s hand(s) or between one’s hands
tenir
He was holding a knife Hold that dish with both hands He held the little boy’s hand He held the mouse by its tail.
to have in a part, or between parts, of the body, or between parts of a tool etc
tenir
He held the pencil in his teeth She was holding a pile of books in her arms Hold the stamp with tweezers.
to support or keep from moving, running away, falling etc
retenir
What holds that shelf up? He held the door closed by leaning against it Hold your hands above your head Hold his arms so that he can’t struggle.
to remain in position, fixed etc when under strain
tenir
I’ve tied the two pieces of string together, but I’m not sure the knot will hold Will the anchor hold in a storm?
to keep (a person) in some place or in one’s power
détenir
The police are holding a man for questioning in connection with the murder He was held captive.
to (be able to) contain
contenir
This jug holds two pints You can’t hold water in a handkerchief This drawer holds all my shirts.
to cause to take place
tenir, avoir lieu
The meeting will be held next week We’ll hold the meeting in the hall.
to keep (oneself), or to be, in a particular state or condition
(se) tenir
We’ll hold ourselves in readiness in case you send for us She holds herself very erect.
to have or be in (a job etc)
occuper
He held the position of company secretary for five years.
to think strongly; to believe; to consider or regard
tenir, croire
I hold that this was the right decision He holds me (to be) responsible for everyone’s mistakes He is held in great respect He holds certain very odd beliefs.
to continue to be valid or apply
être valable
Our offer will hold until next week These rules hold under all circumstances.
(with to) to force (a person) to do something he has promised to do
obliger (qqn) à tenir ses engagements
I intend to hold him to his promises.
to defend
défendre
They held the castle against the enemy.
not to be beaten by
résister
The general realized that the soldiers could not hold the enemy for long.
to keep (a person’s attention)
retenir
If you can’t hold your pupils’ attention, you can’t be a good teacher.
to keep someone in a certain state
avoir lieu
Don’t hold us in suspense, what was the final decision?
to celebrate
posséder
The festival is held on 24 June.
to be the owner of
(se) maintenir
He holds shares in this company.
(of good weather) to continue
patienter
I hope the weather holds until after the school sports.
(also hold the line) (of a person who is making a telephone call) to wait
tenir
Mr Brown is busy at the moment – will you hold or would you like him to call you back?
to continue to sing
garder
Please hold that note for four whole beats.
to keep (something)
réserver à
They’ll hold your luggage at the station until you collect it.
(of the future) to be going to produce
réserver à
I wonder what the future holds for me?
-holder a person or thing that holds something
porte-(…); détenteur/-trice
a pen-holder a ticket-holder (= a person who has a ticket for something).
hold-all noun a (usually large) bag with a zip for packing clothes etc into.
fourre-tout
get hold of to manage to speak to
joindre
I’ve been trying to get hold of you by phone all morning.
to get, buy or obtain
dénicher
I’ve been trying to get hold of a copy of that book for years.
hold back to refuse to tell someone (something)
cacher (qqch. à qqn)
The police were convinced that the man was holding something back.
to prevent from happening, being seen etc, with an effort
retenir
The little girl succeeded in holding back her tears.
to prevent from making progress
retarder
I meant to finish cleaning the house, but the children have held me back all morning.
hold down to keep or be allowed to stay in (a job)
garder
He is incapable of holding down a job.
hold forth to talk or give one’s opinions, often loudly, at great length
pérorer
The prime minister held forth for hours on the success of his government.
hold good to be true or valid; to apply
rester valable
Does that rule hold good in every case?
hold it to stop or wait
ne bougez plus!
Hold it! Don’t start till I tell you to.
hold off (of weather) to stay away
(se) maintainir
I hope the rain holds off.
to keep off; to fight successfully against
contenir
The soldiers managed to hold off the enemy.
hold on (often with to) to keep (a grip on) (something)
(se) tenir (à)
She held on to me to stop herself slipping I couldn’t hold on any longer, so I let go of the rope.
to stop or wait
patienter
Hold on – I’m not quite ready yet The operator asked the caller to hold on while she connected him.
hold out to continue to survive etc until help arrives
(sou)tenir
The rescue team hoped the men in the boat could hold out till they arrived.
to continue to fight against an enemy attack
tenir
The soldiers held out for eight days.
to be enough to last
suffire
Will our supplies hold out till the end of the month?
hold one’s own to be as successful in a fight, argument etc as one’s opponent
tenir bon
His opponents tried to prove his arguments wrong but he managed to hold his own.
hold one’s tongue to remain silent or stop talking
tenir sa langue
There were a lot of things I wanted to say, but I thought I’d better just hold my tongue.
hold up to stop or slow the progress of
retenir
I’m sorry I’m late – I got held up at the office.
to stop and rob
attaquer (à main armée)
The bandits held up the stagecoach.
hold-up noun
vol à main armée
hold with to approve of
approuver
He doesn’t hold with smoking.
(Definition of hold from the Password English-French Dictionary © 2014 K Dictionaries Ltd)
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