Translation of "set" - English-French dictionary


verb /set/ (present participle setting, past tense, past participle set)

to put or place

She set the tray down on the table.

to put plates, knives, forks etc on (a table) for a meal

Please would you set the table for me?

to settle or arrange (a date, limit, price etc)

It’s difficult to set a price on a book when you don’t know its value.

to give a person (a task etc) to do

The witch set the prince three tasks
The teacher set a test for her pupils
He should set the others a good example.

to cause to start doing something

His behaviour set people talking.

(of the sun etc) to disappear below the horizon

se coucher
It gets cooler when the sun sets.

to become firm or solid

Has the concrete set?

to adjust (eg a clock or its alarm) so that it is ready to perform its function

He set the alarm for 7.00 a.m.

to arrange (hair) in waves or curls.

faire une mise en plis

to fix in the surface of something, eg jewels in a ring.


to put (broken bones) into the correct position for healing

remettre en place
They set his broken arm.
setting noun

a background

This castle is the perfect setting for a murder.

an arrangement of jewels in eg a ring.


music composed for a poem etc

mise en musique
settings of folk songs.
setback noun

a delay in progress

We had a bit of a setback when the car broke down.
set phrase

a phrase which always occurs in one form, and which cannot be changed

expression toute faite
‘Of no fixed abode’ is a set phrase.
set-square noun

a triangular instrument with one right angle, used in geometrical drawing etc.

équerre (à dessin)
setting-lotion noun

a lotion that is used in setting the hair.

fixateur (pour mise en plis)

an argument or fight

prise de bec, bagarre
They had a set-to over which TV programme to watch.
set-up noun

an arrangement

There are several families living together in that house – it’s a funny set-up.
all set (often with to)

ready or prepared (to do something); just on the point of (doing something)

prêt (à, pour)
We were all set to leave when the phone rang.
set about

to begin

se mettre à
She set about planning her holiday
How will you set about this task?
set (someone) against (someone)

to cause (a person) to dislike (another person)

monter qqn contre qqn
She set the children against their father.
set aside

to keep for a special use or purpose

mettre de côté
He set aside some cash for use at the weekend.
set back

to delay the progress of

His illness set him back a bit at school.
set down

(of a bus etc) to stop and let (passengers) out

The bus set us down outside the post-office.
set in

to begin or become established

survenir; s’installer
Boredom soon set in among the children.
set off

(sometimes with on) to start a journey

se mettre en route (pour)
We set off to go to the beach.

to cause to start doing something

She had almost stopped crying, but his harsh words set her off again.

to explode or ignite

faire partir (une fusée)
You should let your father set off all the fireworks.
set (something or someone) on (someone)

to cause (eg dogs) to attack (a person)

exciter contre
He set his dogs on me.
set out

to start a journey

se mettre en route
He set out to explore the countryside.

to intend

chercher à
I didn’t set out to prove him wrong.
set to

to start to do something (vigorously)

(s’)attaquer (à)
They set to, and finished the work the same day.
set up

to establish

When was the organization set up?

to arrange or construct

He set up the apparatus for the experiment.
set up camp

to erect tents etc

établir un camp
They set up camp in a field.
set up house

to establish one’s own home

s’installer (dans ses meubles)
He’ll soon be earning enough to set up house on his own.
set up shop

to start a shop

ouvrir un commerce/magasin
They set up shop in the High Street.
set upon (also set on)

to attack

se jeter sur
He set upon me in the dark.

(Translation of “set” from the PASSWORD English–French Dictionary © 2014 K Dictionaries Ltd)