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German translation of “set”

set

verb /set/ (present participle setting, past tense, past participle set)
to put or place
stellen, legen, setzen
She set the tray down on the table.
to put plates, knives, forks etc on (a table) for a meal
decken
Please would you set the table for me?
to settle or arrange (a date, limit, price etc)
festlegen
It’s difficult to set a price on a book when you don’t know its value.
to give a person (a task etc) to do
stellen
The witch set the prince three tasks The teacher set a test for her pupils He should set the others a good example.
to cause to start doing something
veranlassen
His behaviour set people talking.
(of the sun etc) to disappear below the horizon
untergehen
It gets cooler when the sun sets.
to become firm or solid
festwerden
Has the concrete set?
to adjust (eg a clock or its alarm) so that it is ready to perform its function
einstellen
He set the alarm for 7.00 a.m.
to arrange (hair) in waves or curls.
herrichten
to fix in the surface of something, eg jewels in a ring.
fassen
to put (broken bones) into the correct position for healing
richten
They set his broken arm.
setting noun a background
der Hintergrund
This castle is the perfect setting for a murder.
an arrangement of jewels in eg a ring.
das Einfassen
music composed for a poem etc
die Vertonung
settings of folk songs.
setback noun a delay in progress
der Rückschlag
We had a bit of a setback when the car broke down.
set phrase a phrase which always occurs in one form, and which cannot be changed
feste Redewendung
‘Of no fixed abode’ is a set phrase.
set-square noun a triangular instrument with one right angle, used in geometrical drawing etc.
das Geodreieck
setting-lotion noun a lotion that is used in setting the hair.
das Haarfixativ
set-to an argument or fight
eine Behauptung aufstellen
They had a set-to over which TV programme to watch.
set-up noun an arrangement
die Gliederung
There are several families living together in that house – it’s a funny set-up.
all set (often with to) ready or prepared (to do something); just on the point of (doing something)
gerade im Begriff (sein zu)
We were all set to leave when the phone rang.
set about to begin
in Angriff nehmen
She set about planning her holiday How will you set about this task?
set (someone) against (someone) to cause (a person) to dislike (another person)
aufhetzen
She set the children against their father.
set aside to keep for a special use or purpose
beiseite legen
He set aside some cash for use at the weekend.
set back to delay the progress of
zurücklegen
His illness set him back a bit at school.
set down (of a bus etc) to stop and let (passengers) out
absetzen
The bus set us down outside the post-office.
set in to begin or become established
einsetzen
Boredom soon set in among the children.
set off (sometimes with on) to start a journey
aufbrechen
We set off to go to the beach.
to cause to start doing something
bringen zu
She had almost stopped crying, but his harsh words set her off again.
to explode or ignite
abbrennen
You should let your father set off all the fireworks.
set (something or someone) on (someone) to cause (eg dogs) to attack (a person)
hetzen auf
He set his dogs on me.
set out to start a journey
sich aufmachen
He set out to explore the countryside.
to intend
beabsichtigen
I didn’t set out to prove him wrong.
set to to start to do something (vigorously)
sich daranmachen
They set to, and finished the work the same day.
set up to establish
gründen
When was the organization set up?
to arrange or construct
aufstellen
He set up the apparatus for the experiment.
set up camp to erect tents etc
Zelt aufschlagen
They set up camp in a field.
set up house to establish one’s own home
ein eigenes Heim gründen
He’ll soon be earning enough to set up house on his own.
set up shop to start a shop
ein Geschäft gründen
They set up shop in the High Street.
set upon (also set on) to attack
herfallen über
He set upon me in the dark.
(Definition of set from the Password English-German Dictionary © 2014 K Dictionaries Ltd)
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