Translation of "do" - English-Japanese dictionary

do

auxiliary verb uk strong /duː/ us /du/ weak // us /du/ present participle doing, past tense did, past participle done

A1 used with another verb to form questions and negative phrases

(疑問文や否定文で一般動詞の代わりに使われる)~ですか、~ではない
Do you need any help?
I don’t know.

A2 used at the end of a sentence to make it into a question

(付加疑問文を作る)~ですね
Sarah lives near here, doesn’t she?

B1 used to avoid repeating a verb that has just been used

(動詞の反復を避けるために使う)(人、もの)も/が~だ
‘I hate that song.’ ‘So do I.’

used to make the main verb stronger

(動詞を強調する時に使う)本当に
He does like you – he’s just shy.
verb uk /duː/ us /du/ present participle doing, past tense did, past participle done

A1 to perform an action

(行動)をする
Go upstairs and do your homework.

A1 to perform a type of exercise or activity

(活動)を行う
She does yoga three times a week.

A2 to make or prepare something

~を作る, ~を準備する
Max’s Café does great sandwiches.

A2 used for talking or asking about how healthy, happy, or successful someone is

~だ(人の状態について話す時に使う)
‘How is your niece doing?’ ‘She’s doing really well, thanks.’

A1 UK to study a subject

~を専攻する
Diana did history at university.
do the cleaning, cooking, etc.

A1 to perform a job in the house

掃除する、料理する等
I do the cooking, but Joe does most of the cleaning.
what do you, does she, etc. do?

A1 used to ask what someone’s job is

お仕事は何ですか
‘What do you do?’ ‘I’m a doctor.’
do badly/well

B1 to not succeed, or to succeed

あまりよくできない/うまくやる
Sam did very well in his exam.
do your hair, make-up, etc.

B1 to make your hair, make-up, etc. look nice

髪形を整える、化粧をする等
It takes him half an hour to do his hair in the morning.
do your hair, makeup, etc.

to make your hair, makeup, etc. look nice

髪形を整える、化粧をする等
I need to do my hair before we go out.
be/have to do with something

to be related to something

~に関係がある
She lacks confidence and I think that has to do with her childhood.
have to do with something

to be related to something

~に関係がある
Our profits are down, which has to do with poor sales.
do someone good

to have a good effect on someone

(人)にいい影響がある
A holiday would do you good.
will do

will be satisfactory

~でもいい
You don’t have to pay now. Next week will do.
could do with someone/something

to need or want someone or something

(人、物)がほしい
I could do with a few days off work.

(Translation of “do” from the Cambridge English–Japanese Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

Translations of “do”
Need a translator?

Translator tool

Get a quick, free translation!