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Japanese translation of “do”

do

auxiliary verb
 
strong /duː/ weak // (present participle doing, past tense did, past participle done)
A1 used with another verb to form questions and negative phrases
(疑問文や否定文で一般動詞の代わりに使われる)~ですか、~ではない
Do you need any help? I don’t know.
A2 used at the end of a sentence to make it into a question
(付加疑問文を作る)~ですね
Sarah lives near here, doesn’t she?
B1 used to avoid repeating a verb that has just been used
(動詞の反復を避けるために使う)(人、もの)も/が~だ
“I hate that song.” “So do I.”
used to make the main verb stronger
(動詞を強調する時に使う)本当に
He does like you – he’s just shy.
(Definition of do auxiliary verb from the Cambridge English-Japanese Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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