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Japanese translation of “have”

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have

verb
 
strong /hæv/ weak /həv/ ( present participle having, past tense and past participle had)
A1 ( also have got) used for saying what or who is yours
~を持っている, ~がいる
We have two children. Laura has beautiful blue eyes. I had a bike, but I sold it.
A1 ( also have got) If you have a particular illness, you are suffering from it.
(病気)にかかっている, (風邪)をひいている
I have a bad cold.
A1 to eat or drink something
~を食べる, ~を飲む
I had a drink of water.
B1 ( also have got) used to talk about the position of something in relation to a person or thing
(ある位置・場所に)~を持っている, 所有している
He had a pen in his hand. She had a baby with her.
B1 to cause something to be in a particular state
~を(~の状態に)する
He had dinner ready by the time we got home.
have to do something; have got to do something A2 to need to do something
~しなければならない, ~しないといけない
I have to go to work now. Do we have to finish this today?
have difficulty, fun, problems, etc. A2 used with nouns to say that someone experiences something
後続の名詞の状態を経験する(苦労する、楽しむ、問題を抱える、等)
We had a great time at the beach.
have a baby A2 to give birth to a baby
赤ちゃんを生む, 出産する
have a bath, sleep, walk, etc. A2 used with nouns to say that someone does something
後続の名詞の行動を行う(風呂に入る、睡眠をとる、散歩をする、等)
Can I have a quick shower?
have a nap, walk, look, etc. used with some nouns to say that someone does something
後続の名詞の行動を行う(一寝入りする、散歩する、見る、等)
Can I have a quick shower?
have something cleaned, repaired, etc. B1 to arrange for someone to do something for you
~してもらう(~をきれいにしてもらう、~を修理してもらう、等)
I’m having my hair cut this afternoon. I’m having the house painted.
have something stolen, taken, etc. B1 If you have something stolen, taken, etc., someone takes something that belongs to you.
~を盗まれる、~を奪われる、等
She had her car stolen last week.
have a question, idea, etc. to think of a question, idea, etc.
質問がある、アイデアを思いつく、等
I suddenly had an idea.
to arrange for someone to visit you in your home
~を招く, 迎える
We had David and Amy over for dinner last week.
(Definition of have verb from the Cambridge English-Japanese Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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