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Japanese translation of “up”

up

adverb, preposition   /ʌp/
A2 towards or in a higher place
上へ
He ran up the stairs. She looked up and smiled at me.
A1 to or towards a position that is vertical or as straight as possible
起こして, 立てて, まっすぐに
He stood up. She sat up.
to a greater degree, amount, volume, etc.
(量、程度などが)上がって, 増えて, 大きくなって
Can you turn up the heat?
used to say that someone completes an action or uses all of something
すっかり(~してしまう)
I used up all my money. Eat up the rest of your dinner.
up the road, street, etc. A2 along or further along the street, road, etc.
向こうに行ったところに
They live just up the road.
go, walk, etc. up to someone/something B1 to walk directly towards someone or something until you are next to them
(人/物)の所まで行く、歩く等
He came straight up to me and introduced himself.
up to 10, 20, etc. B1 any amount under 10, 20, etc.
10まで、20まで等
We can invite up to 65 people.
up to/till/until B1 until a particular time
(時間)まで
You can call me up till midnight.
be up to someone B1 If an action or decision is up to someone, they are responsible for doing or making it.
(人、もの)次第だ
I can’t decide for you. It’s up to you.
be up to something informal B1 to be doing or planning something bad
(よくないこと)をたくらんでいる
What are you two up to?
(Definition of up adverbpreposition from the Cambridge English-Japanese Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

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