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Polish translation of “hold”

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hold

verb
 
 
/həʊld/ ( past tense and past participle held)
IN HAND [T] A2 to have something in your hand or arms
trzymać
He was holding a glass of wine. They were holding hands and kissing.Having in your hands
KEEP IN POSITION [T] B1 to keep something in a particular position
przytrzymać, trzymać
Can you hold the door open please? Hold your hand up if you know the answer. The frame was held together with screws.Limiting and restrictingPreventing and impeding
ORGANIZE [T] B1 to organize an event
przeprowadzać
to hold talks/an electionManaging and organizing
CONTAIN [T] B1 to contain something or to be able to contain a particular amount of something
mieścić
The bucket holds about 10 litres.Keeping and storing thingsIncluding and containingComprising and consisting of
JOB OR QUALIFICATION [T] to have a particular job, position, or qualification
mieć, zajmować
She held the post of treasurer.Jobs, careers and professionsWorkingSchool and vocational qualifications
COMPETITION [T] to have a particular position in a competition
mieć, zajmować
to hold the world record to hold the leadCompeting and contending (non-sporting)Competing in sportCompetitions, and parts of competitions
STORE [T] to store documents, information, etc in a particular place
przechowywać
The documents are held in the local library.Keeping and storing things
PRISONER [T] B2 to keep someone as a prisoner
przetrzymywać
Police held the suspect overnight. The hijackers are holding them hostage/prisoner.Putting people in prisonArresting and charging
ARMY [T] If soldiers hold a place, they control it.
zajmować
Rebel troops held the village.Controlling and being in charge
hold an opinion/belief/view to believe something
uważać/wierzyć/reprezentować stanowisko
They held the view that corporal punishment was good for children.Believing
hold a conversation to have a conversation
rozmawiać
Informal talking and conversation
hold sb's attention/interest to keep someone interested in something
utrzymywać czyjąś uwagę/ czyjeś zainteresowanie
The film held my attention from beginning to end.Exciting and interesting
TELEPHONE [I, T] to wait on the telephone until someone can speak to you
czekać, nie rozłączać się
Her line's busy. Would you like to hold? Hold the line, please.WaitingStaying and remainingCommunicating by telephone
NOT BREAK [I] to not break
wytrzymać
The rope held.Having in your hands
Hold it! informal used to tell someone to wait or stop doing something
Poczekaj!
Hold it! I've forgotten my coat.Preventing and impedingLimiting and restrictingExpressions telling people to stop doing something
hold shares to own shares (= small, equal parts of the value of a company)
posiadać akcje
Financial investments and the stock market
hold your breath B2 to intentionally stop breathing for a time
wstrzymywać oddech
Breathing and stopping breathing
to wait for something to happen, often feeling anxious
czekać z zapartym tchem
Planning, expecting and arrangingPlotting and trappingWaitingStaying and remaining
hold your nose to close your nose with your fingers to avoid smelling something unpleasant
zatykać nos
→  See also hold your own Smells and smellingGestures with the hands or arms
(Definition of hold verb from the Cambridge English-Polish Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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