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Polish translation of “up”

up

adverb, preposition     /ʌp/
HIGHER PLACE A2 towards or in a higher place
w górę, do góry, na/w górze, najczęściej nie ma samodzielnego tłumaczenia; określa kierunek ku górze, np. run up to wbiec, pick up to podnieść, pozbierać itp.
He ran up the stairs . Pick up your clothes and put them away. She looked up and smiled at me.Up and upwardMoving upwardsDescribing movement towards
VERTICAL A1 vertical or as straight as possible
w górędo góryna/w górze, najczęściej nie ma samodzielnego tłumaczenia; określa kierunek ku górze, np. stand up to wstać, sit up to usiąść (z pozycji leżącej) itp.
He stood up. She opened her eyes and sat up.Describing angles, lines and orientations
INCREASE B2 to a greater degree , amount , volume , etc
w górę, najczęściej nie ma samodzielnego tłumaczenia; wskazuje na wzrost stopnia, intensywności itp. czegoś, np. speak up to mówić głośniej itp.
Inflation keeps pushing prices up. Can you turn up the heat ? I'm freezing ! Please speak up (= speak louder ), I can't hear you.Noise and noisy
COMPLETELY B2 used to emphasize that someone completes an action or uses all of something
do końca, najczęściej nie ma samodzielnego tłumaczenia i jest wyrażane za pomocą formy dokonanej czy przyrostków, np. use up to zużyć, eat up to dojeść itp.
I used up all my money . Eat up the rest of your dinner .Coming to an endCausing something to end
up the road/street, etc A2 along or further along the street / road , etc
kawałek dalej (wzdłuż ulicy itp. )
My best friend lives up the street from me. He ran up the path and hugged her.Safe and secure
go/walk, etc up to sb/sth B1 to walk directly towards someone or something until you are next to them
podchodzić itp. do kogoś/czegoś
He walked straight up to me and introduced himself.Describing movement towardsSafe and secure
DIRECTION in or towards a particular direction , usually north
na, do
We moved from London up to Scotland . Chris lives up north .Up and upwardMoving upwardsDescribing movement towardsSafe and secure
up and down If something or someone moves up and down, they move repeatedly in one direction and then in the opposite direction .
tam i z powrotem
The children were constantly running up and down the stairs .Raising and lowering
up to 10/20, etc B1 any amount under 10/20, etc
do 10/20 itp. , maksymalnie 10/20 itp. , najwyżej 10/20 itp.
We can invite up to 65 people .Safe and secure
up to B1 until a particular time
(aż) do
You can call me up to midnight .Until a particular moment
up to sth equal in quality or achievement
na poziomie czegoś
His work wasn't up to his usual standard .Safe and secure
up to sth/doing sth able to do something
zdolny do czegoś , w stanie coś zrobić
It'll be a while before I feel up to walking again.Safe and secure
be up to sth informal B1 to be doing or planning something, often something secret and bad
knuć ( coś )
Joe , what are you up to?Safe and secure
be up to sb B1 If an action or decision is up to someone, they are responsible for doing or making it.
zależeć od kogoś , należeć do kogoś
I can't decide for you Jack , it's up to you. [+ to do sth] It's up to her to decide whether she wants to enter the competition .Safe and secure
be up against sb/sth If you are up against a situation or a person , they make it very difficult for you to achieve what you want to achieve .
zmierzyć się z kimś/czymś
We were up against some of the best players in the world .Safe and secure
(Definition of up adverbpreposition from the Cambridge English-Polish Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

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