Translation of "up" - English-Polish dictionary


adverb, preposition uk /ʌp/ us

A2 towards or in a higher place

w górę , do góry , na/w górze , najczęściej nie ma samodzielnego tłumaczenia; określa kierunek ku górze, np. run up to wbiec , pick up to podnieść , pozbierać itp.
He ran up the stairs.
Pick up your clothes and put them away.
She looked up and smiled at me.

A1 vertical or as straight as possible

w górę do góry na/w górze , najczęściej nie ma samodzielnego tłumaczenia; określa kierunek ku górze, np. stand up to wstać , sit up to usiąść (z pozycji leżącej) itp.
He stood up.
She opened her eyes and sat up.

B2 to a greater degree, amount, volume, etc

w górę , najczęściej nie ma samodzielnego tłumaczenia; wskazuje na wzrost stopnia, intensywności itp. czegoś, np. speak up to mówić głośniej itp.
Inflation keeps pushing prices up.
Can you turn up the heat? I'm freezing!
Please speak up (= speak louder), I can't hear you.

B2 used to emphasize that someone completes an action or uses all of something

do końca , najczęściej nie ma samodzielnego tłumaczenia i jest wyrażane za pomocą formy dokonanej czy przyrostków, np. use up to zużyć , eat up to dojeść itp.
I used up all my money.
Eat up the rest of your dinner.
up the road/street, etc

A2 along or further along the street/road, etc

kawałek dalej (wzdłuż ulicy itp. )
My best friend lives up the street from me.
He ran up the path and hugged her.
go/walk, etc up to sb/sth

B1 to walk directly towards someone or something until you are next to them

podchodzić itp. do kogoś/czegoś
He walked straight up to me and introduced himself.

in or towards a particular direction, usually north

na, do
We moved from London up to Scotland.
Chris lives up north.
up and down

B2 If something or someone moves up and down, they move repeatedly in one direction and then in the opposite direction.

tam i z powrotem
The children were constantly running up and down the stairs.
up to 10/20, etc

B1 any amount under 10/20, etc

do 10/20 itp. , maksymalnie 10/20 itp. , najwyżej 10/20 itp.
We can invite up to 65 people.
up to

B1 until a particular time

(aż) do
You can call me up to midnight.
up to sth

equal in quality or achievement

na poziomie czegoś
His work wasn't up to his usual standard.
up to sth/doing sth

able to do something

zdolny do czegoś , w stanie coś zrobić
It'll be a while before I feel up to walking again.
be up to sth informal

B1 to be doing or planning something, often something secret and bad

knuć ( coś )
Joe, what are you up to?
be up to sb

B1 If an action or decision is up to someone, they are responsible for doing or making it.

zależeć od kogoś , należeć do kogoś
I can't decide for you Jack, it's up to you.
[ + to do sth ] It's up to her to decide whether she wants to enter the competition.
be up against sb/sth

If you are up against a situation or a person, they make it very difficult for you to achieve what you want to achieve.

zmierzyć się z kimś/czymś
We were up against some of the best players in the world.

(Translation of “up adverb, preposition” from the Cambridge English–Polish Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)