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Translation of "on" - English-Russian dictionary

on

preposition     /ɒn/
SURFACE
A1 on a surface of something на We put all of our medicine on a high shelf.On or offGeneral location and orientation
PLACE
A2 in a particular place на the diagram on page 22 I met her on a ship.On or offGeneral location and orientation
RECORDING/PERFORMANCE
A2 used to show the way in which something is recorded or performed по, на What's on television tonight?Recording sounds and images
TOUCHING
B2 used to show what happens as a result of touching something указывает на причину, способ, передается твор. падежом I cut myself on a knife.
SUBJECT
B1 about о, по a book on pregnancyRegarding and concerningLinking and relating
MONEY/TIME
A2 used to show what money or time is used for на I've wasted too much time on this already. She refuses to spend more than £20 on a pair of shoes.
NEXT TO
B1 next to or along the side of на, у The post office is on Bateman Street.On or offGeneral location and orientationNext to and beside
DATE/DAY
A1 used to show the date or day when something happens указывает на определенный день - в, на, указывает на дату - передается род. падежом He's due to arrive on 14 February. I'm working on my birthday.Describing when something happened or will happen
USING
B1 using something по, на I spoke to Mum on the phone.Using and misusing
AFTER
happening after something and often because of it после, по, как только The Prince was informed on his return to the UK.Describing when something happened or will happen
TRANSPORT
A2 used to show some methods of travelling на, в Did you go over on the ferry? Sam loves travelling on buses.Travelling
FOOD/FUEL/DRUGS
B2 used to show something that is used as food, fuel, or a drug на This radio runs on batteries. I can't drink wine because I'm on antibiotics.Using and misusing
be on a committee/panel, etc
to be a member of a group or organization быть членом комитета/жюри и т. д. She's on the playgroup committee.Employees and colleagues
have/carry sth on you
to have something with you иметь/носить что-либо с собой Do you have your driving licence on you?Having and owning - general words
be on me/him, etc informal
used to show who is paying for something я плачу/он платит и т. д. This meal is on me.Paying and spending money
(Definition of on preposition from the Cambridge English-Russian Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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