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Russian translation of “to”

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to

preposition
 
 
strong /tuː/ weak /, /
DIRECTION A1 in the direction of somewhere
в, к
Dimitri is going to Germany next week. I ran to the door.Describing movement towards
ANOTHER PERSON A2 used to show who receives something or experiences an action
указывает на лицо, к которому направлено действие, передается дат. падежом
Could you give these keys to Pete? Anna was speaking to her mother on the phone. I lent my bike to Tom.Describing movement towards
POSITION B1 almost touching or facing something
к
She stood with her back to the window.Closeness in distance and timeAbout to happen
from ... to ... A2 used to give information about periods of time and distances
с … по ..., с … до ..., от … до ..., из … в …
The museum is open from Monday to Saturday. The bus goes from London to Cambridge.Specific periods of time
B2 including
от … до …, с … до …
The book deals with everything from childhood to old age.Including and containingComprising and consisting of
BEFORE A1 used to say 'before' the hour when you are saying what time it is
без (при указании времени)
It's five to three.Relating to regular periods of time
COMPARE B1 used to compare two things
указывает на предпочтение чего-либо чему-либо, передается дат. падежом
I prefer football to cricket.Comparing and contrasting
UNTIL B1 until a particular time or state
до
It's only two weeks to my birthday. She nursed him back to health.Until a particular moment
SOMEONE'S OPINION used to say what someone's opinion is
для
Fifty pounds is nothing to Matthew (= he would not think it was a lot of money).Opinions, beliefs and points of view
to sb's disappointment/relief/surprise, etc used to say that someone feels disappointed/relieved/surprised, etc by something
к чьему-либо разочарованию/облегчению/удивлению и т. д.
To Pierre's disappointment, Monique wasn't at the party.Feelings - general words
MEASUREMENT used to say how many parts make up a whole unit of measurement or money
в
There are 100 pence to the British pound.Weighing and measuring
BELONGING B1 belonging to or connected with
от
Can you give me the keys to the car?
(Definition of to preposition from the Cambridge English-Russian Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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