Translation of "back" - English-Spanish dictionary


adverb uk /bæk/ us /bæk/

A1 to the place where someone or something was before

de vuelta
When do you go back to college?
I put it back in the cupboard.

A2 as a reply or reaction to something

de vuelta
Can I call you back later?

B1 in a direction behind you

hacia atrás
She stepped back.

to the state something or someone was in before

de nuevo
Try to go back to sleep.

to an earlier time

(hacia) atrás
Looking back, I think we did the right thing.
I heard from them back in January.
back and forth

in one direction then the opposite way, many times

de aquí para allá
She goes back and forth between London and Paris quite often.
noun uk /bæk/ us /bæk/

A1 the part of something that is away from the front

parte de detrás
Our seats were at the back of the theatre.

A2 the part of your body from your shoulders to your bottom

He was lying on his back.
in back of


detrás de
They sat in back of us on the plane.
back to front

with the back part of something where the front should be

al revés
You’ve got your T-shirt on back to front.
behind someone’s back

If you do something behind someone’s back, you do it without them knowing, often in an unfair way.

a espaldas de alguien
Have they been saying things about me behind my back?
verb uk /bæk/ us /bæk/

to give support to a person or plan

He backed Clark in the recent election.

to move or drive backwards

dar marcha atrás (a)
It’s best to back into a parking space.
adjective uk /bæk/ us /bæk/

A2 at the back of something

de atrás
the back door
the back garden

(Translation of “back” from the Cambridge English-Spanish Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)


noun /bӕk/

in humans, the part of the body from the neck to the bottom of the spine

She lay on her back.

in animals, the upper part of the body

She put the saddle on the horse’s back.

that part of anything opposite to or furthest from the front

parte trasera, fondo
the back of the house
She sat at the back of the hall.

in soccer, hockey etc a player who plays behind the forwards

a left/right back.
backer noun

a person who supports someone or something, especially with money

financiador, patrocinador
She needs backers for a new business venture.
backache noun

(medical) a pain in your back

Mal D’Esquena
I’ve been suffering from a severe backache over the past few days.
backbiting noun

criticizing a person when he or she is not present:

murmuración, crítica por la espalda
Constant backbiting by her colleagues led to her resignation.
backbone noun

(anatomy) the spine

espina dorsal
the backbone of a fish.

the chief support

piedra angular, sostén
These players will continue to form the backbone of the team.
backbreaking adjective

(of a task etc) very difficult or requiring very hard work

deslomador, pesado
Digging the garden is a backbreaking job.
backdate verb

to put an earlier date on (a cheque/check etc)

He should have paid his bill last month and so he has backdated the cheque/check.

to make payable from a date in the past

Our pay rise/raise was backdated to April.
backfire verb

(of a plan etc) to have unexpected results, often opposite to the intended results

salir el tiro por la culata
The scheme backfired (on him), and he lost a lot of money.

(of a motor-car etc) to make a loud bang because of unburnt gases in the exhaust system

The car backfired.
backgammon noun

a game for two players in which they throw dice and move flat circular pieces around a board marked with long thin triangles

Two old men were playing backgammon.
background noun

the space behind the principal or most important figures or objects of a picture etc

He always paints ships against a background of stormy skies
She had drawn some trees in the background of the picture.

happenings that go before, and help to explain, an event etc

He explained the background of the current situation.

a person’s origins, education etc

orígenes, historial
She was ashamed of her humble background.
backhand noun

in tennis etc, a stroke or shot with the back of one’s hand turned towards the ball

a clever backhand
His backhand is very strong.

writing with the letters sloping backwards

letra/caligrafía inclinada a la izquierda
I can always recognize her backhand.
backlog noun

a pile of uncompleted work etc which has collected

atrasos, trabajo acumulado
A backlog of orders had built up because of the strike.
back number noun

an out-of-date copy or issue of a magazine etc

número atrasado
He collects back numbers of music magazines.
backpack noun

a bag that walkers, people who go on trips, or students carry on their backs; rucksack

The tent fits comfortably inside a backpack.
backpacking: go backpacking

to go on trips or go camping carrying a backpack

viajar de mochila
They went backpacking around Europe.
backpacker noun

mochilero, persona que viaja con mochila
Chiang Mai is a popular destination for backpackers.
backside noun

the bottom or buttocks

trasero, nalgas, posaderas
He sits on his backside all day long doing nothing.
backslash noun

the sign (\)

barra invertida
Where is the backslash on this keyboard?
backstroke noun

in swimming, a stroke made when lying on one’s back in the water

braza de espalda
Tina is good at backstroke.
backup noun

additional people who provide help when it is needed

The police officer requested some backup when the shooting began.

(computing) a copy of a computer file that can be used in case the original is destroyed

copia de seguridad/reserva
You should always make a backup of the file you are working on.

a piece of equipment, a system etc that can be used when there is a problem with the original one

recambio; de reserva
We have a generator which we use as a backup if the power fails
(also adjective) a backup plan.
backwash noun

a backward current eg that following a ship’s passage through the water

corriente de expulsión
the backwash of the oil tanker.

the unintentional results of an action, situation etc

consecuencia, repercusión
The backwash of the company’s financial troubles affected several other smaller businesses.
backwater noun

a place not affected by what is happening in the world outside

That village is a quiet backwater with few visitors.

a stretch of river not in the main stream

brazo de río estancado
Castle Mill Stream is a backwater of the River Thames.
backyard noun

(especially American ) a garden at the back of a house etc

patio trasero
He grows vegetables in his backyard.
back down phrasal verb

to give up one’s opinion, claim etc

echarse/volverse atrás; rajarse
She backed down in the face of strong opposition.
back of

(American) behind

detrás de
He parked back of the store.
back off phrasal verb

to move backwards so as to get away from someone or something

As the police moved in, most of the protesters backed off.

to stop criticizing or annoying someone, or telling them what to do

Sometimes parents should back off and let their children make their own decisions.

to decide not to do something

No hacer nada
The president backed off from sending in the army to crush the uprising.
back on to phrasal verb

(of a building etc) to have its back next to (something)

dar a
My house backs on to the racecourse.
back out phrasal verb

to move out backwards

salir marcha atrás
He opened the garage door and backed (his car) out.

to withdraw from a promise etc

echarse/volverse atrás; no cumplir
You promised to help – you mustn’t back out now!
back up phrasal verb

to support or encourage

The new evidence backs up my arguments
Would you be willing to back me up if I put the suggestion to the boss?

(computing) to make a copy of the information stored on the computer or disk

hacer una copia de seguridad/reserva
You should back up those files as a safety measure.
have one’s back to the wall

(informal) to be in a very difficult or desperate situation

estar entre la espada y la pared
He certainly has his back to the wall as he has lost his job and cannot find another one.
put someone’s back up

(British, informal) to anger someone

irritar, exasperar, poner de los nervios
He put my back up with his boasting.
take a back seat

to take an unimportant position

situarse en un segundo plano
At these discussions, he always takes a back seat and listens to others talking.

(Translation of “back” from the PASSWORD English-Spanish Dictionary © 2014 K Dictionaries Ltd)