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Spanish translation of “back”

back

noun /bӕk/
in humans , the part of the body from the neck to the bottom of the spine
espalda
She lay on her back.
in animals , the upper part of the body
lomo
She put the saddle on the horse’s back.
that part of anything opposite to or furthest from the front
parte trasera, fondo
the back of the house She sat at the back of the hall .
in soccer , hockey etc a player who plays behind the forwards
defensa
a left / right back.
backer noun a person who supports someone or something, especially with money
financiador , patrocinador
She needs backers for a new business venture .
backache noun ( medical ) a pain in your back
Mal D’Esquena
I’ve been suffering from a severe backache over the past few days .
backbiting noun criticizing a person when he or she is not present :
murmuración , crítica por la espalda
Constant backbiting by her colleagues led to her resignation .
backbone noun ( anatomy ) the spine
espina dorsal
the backbone of a fish .
the chief support
piedra angular, sostén
These players will continue to form the backbone of the team .
backbreaking adjective (of a task etc) very difficult or requiring very hard work
deslomador, pesado
Digging the garden is a backbreaking job .
backdate verb to put an earlier date on (a cheque / check etc)
antedatar
He should have paid his bill last month and so he has backdated the cheque / check .
to make payable from a date in the past
antedatar
Our pay rise / raise was backdated to April .
backfire verb (of a plan etc) to have unexpected results , often opposite to the intended results
salir el tiro por la culata
The scheme backfired (on him), and he lost a lot of money .
(of a motor-car etc) to make a loud bang because of unburnt gases in the exhaust system
petardear
The car backfired .
backgammon noun a game for two players in which they throw dice and move flat circular pieces around a board marked with long thin triangles
Backgammon
Two old men were playing backgammon.
background noun the space behind the principal or most important figures or objects of a picture etc
fondo
He always paints ships against a background of stormy skies She had drawn some trees in the background of the picture .
happenings that go before, and help to explain , an event etc
antecedentes
He explained the background of the current situation .
a person’s origins , education etc
orígenes , historial
She was ashamed of her humble background.
backhand noun in tennis etc, a stroke or shot with the back of one’s hand turned towards the ball
revés
a clever backhand His backhand is very strong .
writing with the letters sloping backwards
letra / caligrafía inclinada a la izquierda
I can always recognize her backhand.
backlog noun a pile of uncompleted work etc which has collected
atrasos , trabajo acumulado
A backlog of orders had built up because of the strike .
back number noun an out-of-date copy or issue of a magazine etc
número atrasado
He collects back numbers of music magazines .
backpack noun a bag that walkers , people who go on trips , or students carry on their backs ; rucksack
mochila
The tent fits comfortably inside a backpack.
backpacking: go backpacking to go on trips or go camping carrying a backpack
viajar de mochila
They went backpacking around Europe .
backpacker noun
mochilero , persona que viaja con mochila
Chiang Mai is a popular destination for backpackers .
backside noun the bottom or buttocks
trasero , nalgas , posaderas
He sits on his backside all day long doing nothing.
backslash noun the sign (\)
barra invertida
Where is the backslash on this keyboard ?
backstroke noun in swimming , a stroke made when lying on one’s back in the water
braza de espalda
Tina is good at backstroke.
backup noun additional people who provide help when it is needed
refuerzo
The police officer requested some backup when the shooting began .
( computing ) a copy of a computer file that can be used in case the original is destroyed
copia de seguridad / reserva
You should always make a backup of the file you are working on.
a piece of equipment , a system etc that can be used when there is a problem with the original one
recambio ; de reserva
We have a generator which we use as a backup if the power fails (also adjective ) a backup plan .
backwash noun a backward current eg that following a ship’s passage through the water
corriente de expulsión
the backwash of the oil tanker .
the unintentional results of an action , situation etc
consecuencia , repercusión
The backwash of the company’s financial troubles affected several other smaller businesses .
backwater noun a place not affected by what is happening in the world outside
remanso
That village is a quiet backwater with few visitors .
a stretch of river not in the main stream
brazo de río estancado
Castle Mill Stream is a backwater of the River Thames.
backyard noun ( especially American ) a garden at the back of a house etc
patio trasero
He grows vegetables in his backyard.
back down phrasal verb to give up one’s opinion , claim etc
echarse/ volverse atrás ; rajarse
She backed down in the face of strong opposition .
back of (American) behind
detrás de
He parked back of the store .
back off phrasal verb to move backwards so as to get away from someone or something
Retroceder
As the police moved in, most of the protesters backed off.
to stop criticizing or annoying someone, or telling them what to do
Retroceder
Sometimes parents should back off and let their children make their own decisions .
to decide not to do something
No hacer nada
The president backed off from sending in the army to crush the uprising .
back on to phrasal verb (of a building etc) to have its back next to (something)
dar a
My house backs on to the racecourse .
back out phrasal verb to move out backwards
salir marcha atrás
He opened the garage door and backed (his car ) out.
to withdraw from a promise etc
echarse/ volverse atrás ; no cumplir
You promised to help – you mustn’t back out now!
back up phrasal verb to support or encourage
sostener
The new evidence backs up my arguments Would you be willing to back me up if I put the suggestion to the boss ?
( computing ) to make a copy of the information stored on the computer or disk
hacer una copia de seguridad / reserva
You should back up those files as a safety measure .
have one’s back to the wall ( informal ) to be in a very difficult or desperate situation
estar entre la espada y la pared
He certainly has his back to the wall as he has lost his job and cannot find another one.
put someone’s back up (British, informal ) to anger someone
irritar , exasperar , poner de los nervios
He put my back up with his boasting .
take a back seat to take an unimportant position
situarse en un segundo plano
At these discussions , he always takes a back seat and listens to others talking .
(Definition of back from the Password English-Spanish Dictionary © 2013 K Dictionaries Ltd)

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