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Spanish translation of “break”

break

verb /breik/ (past tense broke /brouk/, past participle brəken /ˈbroukən/)
to divide into two or more parts (by force). I accidentally broke the vase. (usually with off/away) to separate (a part) from the whole (by force). She broke a piece off the bar of chocolate. to make or become unusable. Someone’s broken the photocopier. to go against, or not act according to (the law etc) He broke the law by driving over the speed limit. to do better than (a sporting etc record). She broke the world high-jump record. to interrupt She broke her journey in London. to put an end to He broke the silence. to make or become known They gently broke the news of his death to his wife. (of a boy’s voice) to fall in pitch. to soften the effect of (a fall, the force of the wind etc). Luckily, the thick grass broke his fall. to begin The storm broke before they reached shelter. breakable adjective (negative unbreakable) likely to break breakable goods. breakage /-kidʒ/ noun the act of breaking, or its result(s). breaker noun a (large) wave which breaks on rocks or the beach.
ola grande, cachón
breakdown noun (often nervous breakdown) a mental collapse.
colapso, crisis nerviosa
The stress of the job caused him to suffer a nervous breakdown.
a mechanical failure causing a stop The car has had another breakdown. See also break down.
breakneck adjective (usually of speed) dangerous He drove at breakneck speed. breakthrough noun a sudden solution of a problem leading to further advances, especially in science. a scientific breakthrough. breakwater noun a barrier to break the force of the waves. break away to escape from control
escapar(se)
The dog broke away from its owner.
break down to use force on (a door etc) to cause it to open. The police broke down the door. to stop working properly My car has broken down. to fail The talks have broken down. to be overcome with emotion She broke down and wept. break in(to) to enter (a house etc) by force or unexpectedly (noun break-in The Harrisons have had two break-ins recently). to interrupt (someone’s conversation etc). break loose to escape from control
escapar(se)
The dog has broken loose.
break off to stop She broke off in the middle of a sentence. break out to appear or happen suddenly War has broken out. to escape (from prison, restrictions etc)
evadirse, escapar(se)
A prisoner has broken out (noun breakout).
break out in to (suddenly) become covered in a rash, in sweat etc I’m allergic to strawberries. They make me break out in a rash. break the ice to overcome the first shyness etc Let’s break the ice by inviting our new neighbours for a meal. break up to divide, separate or break into pieces
romper, hacer pedazos, desmenuzar
He broke up the old furniture and burnt it
to finish or end
terminar(se), acabar(se), cerrar(se)
The meeting broke up at 4.40.
to end a relationship
John and Mary broke up last week.
make a break for it to make an (attempt to) escape When the guard was not looking, the prisoners made a break for it.
(Definition of break from the Password English-Spanish Dictionary © 2013 K Dictionaries Ltd)

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