Spanish translation of “break”
break verb /breik/ (past tense broke /brouk/, past participle brəken /ˈbroukən/)
› to divide into two or more parts (by force).
I accidentally broke the vase. › (usually with off/away) to separate (a part) from the whole (by force).
She broke a piece off the bar of chocolate. › to make or become unusable.
Someone’s broken the photocopier. › to go against, or not act according to (the law etc)
He broke the law by driving over the speed limit. › to do better than (a sporting etc record).
She broke the world high-jump record. › to interrupt
She broke her journey in London. › to put an end to
He broke the silence. › to make or become known
They gently broke the news of his death to his wife. › (of a boy’s voice) to fall in pitch.
› to soften the effect of (a fall, the force of the wind etc).
Luckily, the thick grass broke his fall. › to begin
The storm broke before they reached shelter. breakable adjective › (negative unbreakable) likely to break
breakable goods. breakage /-kidʒ/ noun › the act of breaking, or its result(s).
breaker noun › a (large) wave which breaks on rocks or the beach.
breakdown noun › (often nervous breakdown) a mental collapse.
The stress of the job caused him to suffer a nervous breakdown. › a mechanical failure causing a stop
The car has had another breakdown. See also break down. breakneck adjective › (usually of speed) dangerous
He drove at breakneck speed. breakthrough noun › a sudden solution of a problem leading to further advances, especially in science.
a scientific breakthrough. breakwater noun › a barrier to break the force of the waves.
break away › to escape from control
The dog broke away from its owner. break down › to use force on (a door etc) to cause it to open.
The police broke down the door. › to stop working properly
My car has broken down. › to fail
The talks have broken down. › to be overcome with emotion
She broke down and wept. break in(to) › to enter (a house etc) by force or unexpectedly (noun break-in
The Harrisons have had two break-ins recently). › to interrupt (someone’s conversation etc).
break loose › to escape from control
The dog has broken loose. break off › to stop
She broke off in the middle of a sentence. break out › to appear or happen suddenly
War has broken out. › to escape (from prison, restrictions etc)
A prisoner has broken out (noun breakout). break out in › to (suddenly) become covered in a rash, in sweat etc
I’m allergic to strawberries. They make me break out in a rash. break the ice › to overcome the first shyness etc
Let’s break the ice by inviting our new neighbours for a meal. break up › to divide, separate or break into pieces
He broke up the old furniture and burnt it › to finish or end
terminar(se), acabar(se), cerrar(se)
The meeting broke up at 4.40. › to end a relationship
John and Mary broke up last week. make a break for it › to make an (attempt to) escape
When the guard was not looking, the prisoners made a break for it.