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Spanish translation of “break”

break

verb /breik/ (past tense broke /brouk/, past participle brəken /ˈbroukən/)
to divide into two or more parts (by force)
romper, quebrar
I accidentally broke the vase.
(usually with off/away) to separate (a part) from the whole (by force)
partir
She broke a piece off the bar of chocolate.
to make or become unusable
romper
Someone’s broken the photocopier.
to go against, or not act according to (the law etc)
quebrantar, infringir; cancelar
He broke the law by driving over the speed limit.
to do better than (a sporting etc record)
batir
She broke the world high-jump record.
to interrupt
interrumpir
She broke her journey in London.
to put an end to
romper
He broke the silence.
to make or become known
anunciar, comunicar, hacer público
They gently broke the news of his death to his wife.
(of a boy’s voice) to fall in pitch
mudar, cambiar
His voice broke.
to soften the effect of (a fall, the force of the wind etc)
amortiguar
Luckily, the thick grass broke his fall.
to begin
romper, estallar, desatarse
The storm broke before they reached shelter.
breakable adjective (opposite unbreakable) likely to break
frágil
breakable goods.
breakage /-kidʒ/ noun the act of breaking, or its result(s).
rotura
Guests also undertake to pay for breakages they may be responsible for during the period of their stay.
breaker noun a (large) wave which breaks on rocks or the beach
ola grande, cachón
They could hear the sound of breakers crashing on the shore.
breakdown noun (often nervous breakdown) a mental collapse
colapso, crisis nerviosa
The stress of the job caused him to suffer a nervous breakdown.
a mechanical failure causing a stop
avería
The car has had another breakdown.
breakneck adjective (usually of speed) dangerous
vertiginoso
He drove at breakneck speed.
breakthrough noun a sudden solution of a problem leading to further advances, especially in science
avance, descubrimiento, invento decisivo
The discovery of the structure of DNA was a major scientific breakthrough.
breakwater noun a barrier to break the force of the waves
rompeolas, espigón
The breakwater was destroyed in a severe storm.
break away phrasal verb to escape from control
escapar(se)
The dog broke away from its owner.
break down phrasal verb to use force on (a door etc) to cause it to open
derribar, echar abajo
The police broke down the door.
to stop working properly
estropearse, dejar de funcionar
My car has broken down.
to fail
fracasar
The talks have broken down.
to be overcome with emotion
derrumbarse
She broke down and wept.
break in phrasal verb ( break into) to enter (a house etc) by force or unexpectedly
allanar una morada
Thieves broke into the museum at night and stole the painting.
to interrupt (someone’s conversation etc)
cortar, interrumpir
I was reluctant to break in on their conversation.
break loose to escape from control
escapar(se)
The dog has broken loose.
break off phrasal verb to stop
detenerse
She broke off in the middle of a sentence.
break out phrasal verb to appear or happen suddenly
estallar, desatarse
War has broken out.
to escape (from prison, restrictions etc)
evadirse, escapar(se)
A prisoner has broken out (noun breakout).
break out in phrasal verb to (suddenly) become covered in a rash, in sweat etc
salir, quedar cubierto de
I’m allergic to strawberries. They make me break out in a rash.
break the ice to overcome the first shyness etc
romper el hielo
Let’s break the ice by inviting our new neighbours/neighbors for a meal.
break up phrasal verb to divide, separate or break into pieces
romper, hacer pedazos, desmenuzar
He broke up the old wooden furniture and burnt it.
to finish or end
terminar(se), acabar(se), cerrar(se)
The meeting broke up at 4.40.
to end a relationship
Romper una Relación
John and Mary broke up last week.
make a break for it to make an (attempt to) escape
tratar de escapar/evadirse
When the guard was not looking, the prisoners made a break for it.
(Definition of break from the Password English-Spanish Dictionary © 2013 K Dictionaries Ltd)

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