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Translation of "break" - English-Spanish dictionary

break

verb /breik/ ( past tense broke /brouk/, past participle brəken /ˈbroukən/)
to divide into two or more parts (by force) romper, quebrar I accidentally broke the vase.
(usually with off/away) to separate (a part) from the whole (by force) partir She broke a piece off the bar of chocolate.
to make or become unusable romper Someone’s broken the photocopier.
to go against, or not act according to (the law etc) quebrantar, infringir; cancelar He broke the law by driving over the speed limit.
to do better than (a sporting etc record) batir She broke the world high-jump record.
to interrupt interrumpir She broke her journey in London.
to put an end to romper He broke the silence.
to make or become known anunciar, comunicar, hacer público They gently broke the news of his death to his wife.
(of a boy’s voice) to fall in pitch mudar, cambiar His voice broke.
to soften the effect of (a fall, the force of the wind etc) amortiguar Luckily, the thick grass broke his fall.
to begin romper, estallar, desatarse The storm broke before they reached shelter.
breakable adjective
(opposite unbreakable) likely to break frágil breakable goods.
breakage /-kidʒ/ noun
the act of breaking, or its result(s). rotura Guests also undertake to pay for breakages they may be responsible for during the period of their stay.
breaker noun
a (large) wave which breaks on rocks or the beach ola grande, cachón They could hear the sound of breakers crashing on the shore.
breakdown noun
(often nervous breakdown) a mental collapse colapso, crisis nerviosa The stress of the job caused him to suffer a nervous breakdown.
a mechanical failure causing a stop avería The car has had another breakdown.
breakneck adjective
(usually of speed) dangerous vertiginoso He drove at breakneck speed.
breakthrough noun
a sudden solution of a problem leading to further advances, especially in science avance, descubrimiento, invento decisivo The discovery of the structure of DNA was a major scientific breakthrough.
breakwater noun
a barrier to break the force of the waves rompeolas, espigón The breakwater was destroyed in a severe storm.
break away phrasal verb
to escape from control escapar(se) The dog broke away from its owner.
break down phrasal verb
to use force on (a door etc) to cause it to open derribar, echar abajo The police broke down the door.
to stop working properly estropearse, dejar de funcionar My car has broken down.
to fail fracasar The talks have broken down.
to be overcome with emotion derrumbarse She broke down and wept.
break in phrasal verb ( break into)
to enter (a house etc) by force or unexpectedly allanar una morada Thieves broke into the museum at night and stole the painting.
to interrupt (someone’s conversation etc) cortar, interrumpir I was reluctant to break in on their conversation.
break loose
to escape from control escapar(se) The dog has broken loose.
break off phrasal verb
to stop detenerse She broke off in the middle of a sentence.
break out phrasal verb
to appear or happen suddenly estallar, desatarse War has broken out.
to escape (from prison, restrictions etc) evadirse, escapar(se) A prisoner has broken out (noun breakout).
break out in phrasal verb
to (suddenly) become covered in a rash, in sweat etc salir, quedar cubierto de I’m allergic to strawberries. They make me break out in a rash.
break the ice
to overcome the first shyness etc romper el hielo Let’s break the ice by inviting our new neighbours/neighbors for a meal.
break up phrasal verb
to divide, separate or break into pieces romper, hacer pedazos, desmenuzar He broke up the old wooden furniture and burnt it.
to finish or end terminar(se), acabar(se), cerrar(se) The meeting broke up at 4.40.
to end a relationship Romper una Relación John and Mary broke up last week.
make a break for it
to make an (attempt to) escape tratar de escapar/evadirse When the guard was not looking, the prisoners made a break for it.
(Definition of break from the Password English-Spanish Dictionary © 2013 K Dictionaries Ltd)
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