Translation of "by" - English-Spanish dictionary


preposition uk /baɪ/ us /bɑɪ/

A2 used to show the person or thing that does something

a painting by Van Gogh
The building had been destroyed by fire.

A2 through doing or using something

I sent it by email.
We’ll get there by car.

A2 before a particular time or date

antes de
Applications have to be in by the 31st.

B1 near or next to

junto a
I’ll meet you by the post office.

holding a particular part of someone or something

She grabbed me by the arm.


más allá de, por delante de
He sped by me on a motorcycle.

used to show measurements or amounts

twelve by ten feet of floor space
I’m paid by the hour.
adverb uk /baɪ/ us /bɑɪ/


por delante
I sat there, watching people walk by.

(Translation of “by” from the Cambridge English-Spanish Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)


preposition /bai/

next to; near; at the side of

junto a
She was standing by the door
He sat by his sister.


(por) delante
We drove by her house.

through; along; across

We came by the main road.

used (in the passive voice) to show the person or thing which performs an action

The car windscreen was struck by a stone.


por, en
He’s going to contact us by letter
We decided to travel by train.

from; through the means of

I met her by chance
She sent the parcel by post.

(of time) not later than

We need to leave by 6 o’clock.

during the time of

By day, temperatures rise quickly after sunrise.

to the extent of

de, por
He is taller by ten centimetres.

used to give measurements etc

The room measures 4 metres by 2 metres.

in quantities of

Fruit is sold by the kilo.

in respect of

Lisa is a teacher by profession.
bygones: let bygones be bygones

to forgive and forget past causes of ill-feeling

lo pasado pasado está
There’s no point bearing a grudge – you have to let bygones be bygones.
bypass noun

a road which avoids an obstruction or a busy area

variante, desvío
Take the bypass round the city.
by-product noun

something obtained or formed during the making of something else

Coal tar is a by-product of the process of obtaining gas from coal.
bystander noun

a person who watches but does not take part

An innocent bystander was injured in the crossfire.
by and by

after a short time

con el tiempo
By and by, everyone went home.
by and large

mostly; all things considered

en general
Things are going quite well, by and large.
by oneself


He was standing by himself at the bus stop.

without anyone else’s help

He did the job (all) by himself.
by the way


a propósito
By the way, do you have a moment to spare?
by is used for forms of transport: by train ; by aeroplane ; by land ; by sea

(Translation of “by” from the PASSWORD English-Spanish Dictionary © 2014 K Dictionaries Ltd)