Translation of "by" - English-Spanish dictionary

by

preposition uk /baɪ/

A2 used to show the person or thing that does something

por
a painting by Van Gogh
The building had been destroyed by fire.

A2 through doing or using something

por
I sent it by email.
We’ll get there by car.

A2 before a particular time or date

antes de
Applications have to be in by the 31st.

B1 near or next to

junto a
I’ll meet you by the post office.

holding a particular part of someone or something

por
She grabbed me by the arm.

past

más allá de, por delante de
He sped by me on a motorcycle.

used to show measurements or amounts

por
twelve by ten feet of floor space
I’m paid by the hour.
adverb uk /baɪ/

past

por delante
I sat there, watching people walk by.

(Translation of “by” from the Cambridge English-Spanish Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

by

preposition /bai/

next to; near; at the side of

junto a
She was standing by the door
He sat by his sister.

past

(por) delante
We drove by her house.

through; along; across

por
We came by the main road.

used (in the passive voice) to show the person or thing which performs an action

por
The car windscreen was struck by a stone.

using

por, en
He’s going to contact us by letter
We decided to travel by train.

from; through the means of

por
I met her by chance
She sent the parcel by post.

(of time) not later than

para
We need to leave by 6 o’clock.

during the time of

de
By day, temperatures rise quickly after sunrise.

to the extent of

de, por
He is taller by ten centimetres.

used to give measurements etc

por
The room measures 4 metres by 2 metres.

in quantities of

por
Fruit is sold by the kilo.

in respect of

de
Lisa is a teacher by profession.
bygones: let bygones be bygones

to forgive and forget past causes of ill-feeling

lo pasado pasado está
There’s no point bearing a grudge – you have to let bygones be bygones.
bypass noun

a road which avoids an obstruction or a busy area

variante, desvío
Take the bypass round the city.
by-product noun

something obtained or formed during the making of something else

derivado
Coal tar is a by-product of the process of obtaining gas from coal.
bystander noun

a person who watches but does not take part

espectador
An innocent bystander was injured in the crossfire.
by and by

after a short time

con el tiempo
By and by, everyone went home.
by and large

mostly; all things considered

en general
Things are going quite well, by and large.
by oneself

alone

solo
He was standing by himself at the bus stop.

without anyone else’s help

solo
He did the job (all) by himself.
by the way

incidentally

a propósito
By the way, do you have a moment to spare?
by is used for forms of transport: by train ; by aeroplane ; by land ; by sea

(Translation of “by” from the PASSWORD English-Spanish Dictionary © 2014 K Dictionaries Ltd)