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Spanish translation of “by”

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by

preposition /bai/
next to; near; at the side of
junto a
She was standing by the door He sat by his sister.
past
(por) delante
We drove by her house.
through; along; across
por
We came by the main road.
used (in the passive voice) to show the person or thing which performs an action
por
The car windscreen was struck by a stone.
using
por, en
He’s going to contact us by letter We decided to travel by train.
from; through the means of
por
I met her by chance She sent the parcel by post.
(of time) not later than
para
We need to leave by 6 o’clock.
during the time of
de
By day, temperatures rise quickly after sunrise.
to the extent of
de, por
He is taller by ten centimetres.
used to give measurements etc
por
The room measures 4 metres by 2 metres.
in quantities of
por
Fruit is sold by the kilo.
in respect of
de
Lisa is a teacher by profession.
bygones: let bygones be bygones to forgive and forget past causes of ill-feeling
lo pasado pasado está
There’s no point bearing a grudge – you have to let bygones be bygones.
bypass noun a road which avoids an obstruction or a busy area
variante, desvío
Take the bypass round the city.
by-product noun something obtained or formed during the making of something else
derivado
Coal tar is a by-product of the process of obtaining gas from coal.
bystander noun a person who watches but does not take part
espectador
An innocent bystander was injured in the crossfire.
by and by after a short time
con el tiempo
By and by, everyone went home.
by and large mostly; all things considered Things are going quite well, by and large. by oneself alone
solo
He was standing by himself at the bus stop.
without anyone else’s help
solo
He did the job (all) by himself.
by the way incidentally
a propósito
By the way, do you have a moment to spare?
by is used for forms of transport: by train ; by aeroplane ; by land ; by sea
(Definition of by from the Password English-Spanish Dictionary © 2013 K Dictionaries Ltd)
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