Translation of "do" - English-Spanish dictionary


auxiliary verb uk strong /duː/ us /du/ weak // us /du/ present participle doing, past tense did, past participle done

A1 used with another verb to form questions and negative phrases

se usa junto a otro verbo para formar preguntas y frases negativas
Do you need any help?
I don’t know.

A2 used at the end of a sentence to make it into a question

se añade conjugado al final de una frase para convertirla en pregunta
Sarah lives near here, doesn’t she?

B1 used to avoid repeating a verb that has just been used

se usa para evitar repetir el verbo recién empleado
‘I hate that song.’ ‘So do I.’

used to make the main verb stronger

se usa para añadir énfasis al verbo principal
He does like you – he’s just shy.
verb uk /duː/ us /du/ present participle doing, past tense did, past participle done

A1 to perform an action

Go upstairs and do your homework.

A1 to perform a type of exercise or activity

She does yoga three times a week.

A2 to make or prepare something

Max’s Café does great sandwiches.

A2 used for talking or asking about how healthy, happy, or successful someone is

se usa para preguntar cómo le va a alguien
‘How is your niece doing?’ ‘She’s doing really well, thanks.’

A1 UK to study a subject

Diana did history at university.
do the cleaning, cooking, etc.

A1 to perform a job in the house

limpiar, cocinar, etc.
I do the cooking, but Joe does most of the cleaning.
what do you, does she, etc. do?

A1 used to ask what someone’s job is

¿en qué trabajas, trabaja, etc.?
‘What do you do?’ ‘I’m a doctor.’
do badly/well

B1 to not succeed, or to succeed

no tener éxito/tener éxito
Sam did very well in his exam.
do your hair, make-up, etc.

B1 to make your hair, make-up, etc. look nice

peinarse, maquillarse, etc.
It takes him half an hour to do his hair in the morning.
do your hair, makeup, etc.

to make your hair, makeup, etc. look nice

peinarse, maquillarse, etc.
I need to do my hair before we go out.
be/have to do with something

to be related to something

tener que ver con algo
She lacks confidence and I think that has to do with her childhood.
have to do with something

to be related to something

tener que ver con algo
Our profits are down, which has to do with poor sales.
do someone good

to have a good effect on someone

venirle bien a alguien
A holiday would do you good.
will do

will be satisfactory

está bien
You don’t have to pay now. Next week will do.
could do with someone/something

to need or want someone or something

tener necesidad o ganas de alguien/algo
I could do with a few days off work.
noun [ C ] /duː/ /du/ plural dos
dos and don’ts

normas, reglas → See at

(Translation of “do” from the Cambridge English-Spanish Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)


verb /duː/ (3rd person singular present tense does /daz/, past tense did /did/, past participle done /dan/, negative short forms don’t /dount/, doesn’t /ˈdaznt/, didn’t /ˈdidnt/)

used with a more important verb in questions and negative statements

Do you smoke?
I don’t know where he lives.

used with a more important verb for emphasis; /I did buy a ticket but I must have lost it; , Do sit down/


used to avoid repeating a verb which comes immediately before

I thought she wouldn’t come, but she did.

used with a more important verb after seldom, rarely and little

Little did he know what was in store for him.

to carry out or perform

What shall I do?
That was a terrible thing to do.

to manage to finish or complete

When you’ve done that, you can start on this
We did a hundred kilometres in an hour.

to perform an activity concerning something

I’ve still got to do the washing
We need to do the garden – it’s becoming overgrown.

to be enough or suitable for a purpose

servir, ir bien, ser suficiente
Will this piece of fish do two of us?
That’ll do nicely
Do you want me to look for a blue one or will a pink one do?
Will next Saturday do for our next meeting?

to work at or study

hacer, dedicarse, estudiar
She’s doing sums
He’s at university doing science.

to manage or prosper

How’s your wife doing?
My son is doing well at school.

to put in order or arrange

She’s doing her hair.

to act or behave

hacer, comportarse, actuar
Why don’t you do as we do?

to give or show

The whole town gathered to do him honour.

to cause

causar, hacer
What damage did the storm do?
It won’t do him any harm.

to see everything and visit everything in

They tried to do London in four days.
doer noun

a person who does something

persona emprendedora/dinámica; malvado (evildoer)
an evildoer
a doer of good deeds.
doings noun plural

the things which a person does

obras, hechos, acciones
He tells me about all your doings.
done /dan/ adjective

finished or complete

acabado, cumplido
That’s that job done at last.

(of food) completely cooked and ready to eat

I don’t think the meat is quite done yet.

socially accepted

que se acepta, que se hace
It’s not the done thing to ask someone how much they earn.
do-it-yourself noun

(of) the art or practice of doing one’s own decorating, repairs etc (also DIY)

I’ve just bought a book on do-it-yourself so I can try to tile the bathroom
(also adjective) a do-it-yourself job.

a fuss

follón, lío, jaleo
There has been a tremendous to-do about the missing papers.
I/he etc could be doing with / could do with

it would be better if I, he etc had or did (something)

I could do with a cup of coffee.
do away with phrasal verb

to get rid of

abolir, suprimir, eliminar, acabar con
They did away with uniforms at that school years ago.
do for phrasal verb

to kill or cause the end of

acabar con, matar
That attack of flu almost did for him.
done for adjective

(informal ) ruined, defeated or about to be killed etc

estar perdido
The police are coming – run for it or we’re done for!
done in adjective

(informal) exhausted

estar agotado/exhausto/destrozado/reventado
He felt completely done in after runnng for the bus.
do out phrasal verb

(informal) to clean thoroughly

limpiar a fondo
The room’s tidy – I did it out yesterday.
do out of phrasal verb

(informal ) to prevent from getting, especially by using dishonest methods

quitar, birlar
My boss tried to do me out of a day’s holiday.
do’s and don’ts /dounts/

rules or advice for action

reglas, normas
If you want to lose weight, I can give you a list of do’s and don’ts.
do without phrasal verb

to manage without and accept the lack of

pasar sin, arreglárselas sin, prescindir de
We’ll just have to do without a phone
If you’re too lazy to fetch the ice cream, you can just do without
I can do without your opinion, if you don’t mind.
to do with

(with have) to have dealings with

relacionarse con
I never had anything to do with the neighbours.

(with have) to be involved in, especially to be (partly) responsible for

tener que ver con
The police asked him if he had had anything to do with the robbery.

(with have) to be connected with

tener que ver con
Has this decision anything to do with what I said yesterday?

(with beor have) to be about or concerned with

tratarse de
This letter is/has to do with Bill’s plans for the summer.

(with have) to be the concern of

tener que ver con
I’m sorry, but that question has nothing to do with me
What has that (got) to do with him?
what are you etc doing with

why or how have you etc got

qué estás etc haciendo con
What are you doing with my umbrella?

what action are you etc taking about

qué haces etc con
What are they doing with the children during the day if they’re both working?

(Translation of “do” from the PASSWORD English-Spanish Dictionary © 2014 K Dictionaries Ltd)

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