Translation of "keep" - English-Spanish dictionary

keep

verb uk /kiːp/ us /kip/ past tense and past participle kept

A2 to have something always, as your own

guardar, quedarse con
You can keep that dress if you like it.
I kept every letter he ever sent to me.
keep something in, on, etc. something

A2 to always put something in a particular place

guardar algo en, encima de, etc. algo
I keep the keys in the drawer.
keep (someone/something) awake, clean, safe, etc.

A2 to make someone or something stay in a particular state

mantenerse despierto, limpio, a salvo, etc., mantener a alguien/algo despierto, limpio, a salvo, etc.
This coat should keep you warm.
He keeps his car very clean.
keep doing something

B1 to continue to do something, or to often do something

seguir haciendo algo, estar continuamente haciendo algo
I keep telling her not to do it.
He keeps hitting me.

B1 to delay someone or prevent someone from doing something

entretener, retener
He’s very late – what’s keeping him?
I’m so sorry to keep you waiting.

to write something down in order to remember it

llevar
Remember to keep a record of how much money you spend.
Keep a list of the missing items.

If food or drink keeps, it stays fresh.

mantenerse
The fish will keep for only two days.

to have and take care of animals

tener
Our neighbours keep chickens.
noun [ no plural ] uk /kiːp/ us /kip/

the money needed to pay for someone to eat and live in a place

sustento
He earns / his keep working in a garage.

(Translation of “keep” from the Cambridge English-Spanish Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

keep

verb /kiːp/ (past tense, past participle kept /kept/)

to have for a very long or indefinite period of time

guardar
He gave me the picture to keep.

not to give or throw away; to preserve

guardar
I kept the most interesting books
Can you keep a secret?

to (cause to) remain in a certain state or position

mantener, conservar
I keep this gun loaded
How do you keep cool in this heat?
Will you keep me informed of what happens?

to go on (performing or repeating a certain action)

continuar, seguir
He kept walking.

to have in store

guardar
I always keep a tin of baked beans for emergencies.

to look after or care for

tener; cuidar (un jardín); criar, dedicarse a criar (animales)
She keeps the garden beautifully
I think they keep hens.

to remain in good condition

conservar
That meat won’t keep in this heat unless you put it in the fridge.

to make entries in (a diary, accounts etc)

tener; llevar (al día)
She keeps a diary to remind her of her appointments
He kept the accounts for the club.

to hold back or delay

retener, entretener
Sorry to keep you.

to provide food, clothes, housing for (someone)

mantener
He has a wife and child to keep.

to act in the way demanded by someone

cumplir
She kept her promise.
keeper noun

a person who looks after something, eg animals in a zoo

guarda, guardián
The lion has killed its keeper.

a goalkeeper

portero
The keeper took the goalkick.
keeping noun

care or charge

cuidado
The money had been given into his keeping.
keep-fit noun

a series or system of exercises, usually simple, intended to improve the physical condition of ordinary people, especially women

ejercicios de mantenimiento
She’s very keen on keep-fit, but it doesn’t do her much good
(also adjective) keep-fit exercises.
keepsake /-seik/ noun

something given or taken to be kept in memory of the giver

recuerdo
She gave him a piece of her hair as a keepsake.
for keeps

permanently

para siempre
You can have this necklace for keeps.
in keeping with

suited to

conforme, en armonía con
He has moved to a house more in keeping with his position as a headmaster.
keep away phrasal verb

to (cause to) remain at a distance

mantener a distancia
Keep away from the crocodiles – they’re dangerous!
keep back phrasal verb

not to (allow to) move forward

mantener atrás
She kept the child back on the edge of the crowd
Everybody keep back from the door!

not to tell or make known

ocultar
I feel he’s keeping the real story back for some reason.

not to give or pay out

retener
Part of my allowance is kept back to pay for my meals
Will they keep it back every week?
keep one’s distance

to stay quite far away

mantenerse a distancia
The deer did not trust us and kept their distance.
keep down phrasal verb

not to (allow to) rise up

seguir agachado; sujetar
Keep down – they’re shooting at us!

to control or put a limit on

limitar
They are taking steps to keep down the rabbit population.

to digest without vomiting

mantener en el estómago
He has eaten some food, but he won’t be able to keep it down.
keep one’s end up

to perform one’s part in something just as well as all the others who are involved

hacer su parte, hacer la parte que a uno le corresponde
You have to keep your end up and make sure your opinion is heard.
keep from phrasal verb

to stop oneself from (doing something)

abstenerse de
I could hardly keep from hitting him.
keep going

to go on doing something despite difficulties

seguir
We decided to keep going despite the poor weather.
keep hold of

not to let go of

guardar; no perder
She told him to keep hold of her hand while they crossed the road.
keep house (for)

to do the cooking, housework etc (for)

cuidar la casa, encargarse de la casa
She keeps house for her brother.
keep in phrasal verb

not to allow to go or come out or outside

no dejar salir, hacer quedar
The teacher kept him in till he had finished the work.

to stay close to the side of a road etc.

mantenerse al lado
keep in mind

to remember and take into consideration later

tener en mente, recordar, tener en cuenta
Keep in mind that the restaurant gets very busy and you may have to book a table in advance.
keep it up phrasal verb

to carry on doing something at the same speed or as well as one is doing it at present

¡sigue así!, ¡ánimo!
Your work is good – keep it up!
keep off phrasal verb

to stay away

mantenerse a distancia
There are notices round the bomb warning people to keep off
The rain kept off and we had sunshine for the wedding.

to prevent from getting to or on to (something)

no dejar acercarse, no dejar entrar
This umbrella isn’t pretty, but it keeps off the rain.
keep on phrasal verb

to continue (doing something or moving)

continuar, seguir
He just kept on going until he was too exhausted to continue.
They kept on until they came to a petrol station.
keep oneself to oneself

to tell others very little about oneself, and not to be very friendly or sociable

ser reservado, ser discreto
He likes to keep himself to himself.
keep out phrasal verb

not to (allow to) enter

no dejar entrar, no dejar pasar
The notice at the building site said ’Keep out!’
This coat keeps out the wind.
keep out of phrasal verb

not to become involved in

no entrar en, no meterse en
Do try to keep out of trouble!
keep time

(of a clock etc) to show the time accurately

dar bien la hora; estar en hora
Does this watch keep (good) time?
keep to phrasal verb

not to leave or go away from

no salir de, no dejar
Keep to this side of the park!
We kept to the roads we knew.
keep (something) to oneself

not to tell anyone (something)

no decir algo, guardar algo para sí
He kept his conclusions to himself.
keep up phrasal verb

(often with with) to move fast enough not to be left behind (by)

seguir
Even the children managed to keep up
Don’t run – I can’t keep up with you.

to continue, or cause to remain, in operation

mantener, seguir
I enjoy our friendship and try to keep it up.
keep up with the Joneses /ˈdʒounziz/

to have everything one’s neighbours/neighbors have

no ser menos que los demás
She didn’t need a new cooker – she just bought one to keep up with the Joneses.
keep watch

to have the task of staying alert and watching for danger

vigilar, estar en guardia
One of the men kept watch while the other two broke in through a window.

(Translation of “keep” from the PASSWORD English-Spanish Dictionary © 2014 K Dictionaries Ltd)