Translation of "set" - English-Spanish dictionary

set

verb uk /set/ (present participle setting, past tense and past participle set)

B1 to arrange a time when something will happen

fijar, establecer
Should we set a date for the next meeting?
The next meeting is set for 6 February.

B1 When the sun sets, it moves down in the sky so that it cannot be seen.

ponerse

B1 If a book, play, or movie is set in a place or period of time, the story happens there or at that time.

ambientar
It’s a historical adventure set in India in the 1940s.

to make a piece of equipment ready to be used

ajustar
He set the alarm for 7 a.m.
set someone free

to allow someone to leave prison

liberar a alguien
set fire to something

to make something start burning

prender fuego a algo
set the table

to put plates, knives, forks, etc. on the table before you have a meal

poner la mesa

If a liquid substance sets, it becomes solid.

solidificarse

UK If you set work or an exam at a school or college, you ask the students to do it.

poner
Mr Harley forgot to set us any science homework.
→ Phrasal verbs set someone down , set off , set out , set something up
noun uk /set/

A2 a group of things that belong together

conjunto
a set of instructions
a set of keys

B1 a television or radio

aparato
a TV set
adjective uk /set/

fixed and never changing

fijo
Most people work for a set number of hours each week.
I have no set routine.
be set against something

to be determined not to do something

oponerse rotundamente a algo
Why are you so set against going to college?

(Translation of “set” from the Cambridge English-Spanish Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

set

verb /set/ (present participle setting, past tense, past participle set)

to put or place

poner, colocar
She set the tray down on the table.

to put plates, knives, forks etc on (a table) for a meal

poner
Please would you set the table for me?

to settle or arrange (a date, limit, price etc)

poner, fijar, acordar
Have you set a date for the wedding yet?

to give a person (a task etc) to do

mandar
The witch set the prince three tasks
The teacher set a test for her pupils
He should set the others a good example.

to cause to start doing something

provocar
His behaviour set people talking.

(of the sun etc) to disappear below the horizon

ponerse
It gets cooler when the sun sets.

to become firm or solid

endurecer, cuajar
Has the concrete set?

to adjust (eg a clock or its alarm) so that it is ready to perform its function

poner
He set the alarm for 7.00 a.m.

to arrange (hair) in waves or curls.

marcar

to fix in the surface of something, eg jewels in a ring.

montar, engastar

to put (broken bones) into the correct position for healing

componer, encajar
They set his broken arm.
setting noun

a background

escenario
This castle is the perfect setting for a murder.

an arrangement of jewels in eg a ring.

montura, engaste

music composed for a poem etc

adaptación musical
settings of folk songs.
setback noun

a delay in progress

atraso
We had a bit of a setback when the car broke down.
set phrase noun

(linguistics) a phrase which always occurs in one form, and which cannot be changed

frase hecha
’Of no fixed abode’ is a set phrase.
set-square noun

a triangular instrument with one right angle, used in geometrical drawing etc.

cartabón
setting lotion noun

a lotion that is used in setting the hair.

fijador
set-to noun

an argument or fight

pelea, discusión
They had a set-to over which TV programme to watch.
set-up noun

an arrangement

sistema
There are several families living together in that house – it’s a funny set-up.
all set (often with to)

ready or prepared (to do something); just on the point of (doing something)

listo, preparado
We were all set to leave when the phone rang.
set about phrasal verb

to begin

empezar (a), ponerse (a)
She set about planning her holiday
How will you set about this task?
set (someone) against (someone)

to cause (a person) to dislike (another person)

enemistar con, poner en contra de
She set the children against their father.
set aside phrasal verb

to keep for a special use or purpose

guardar, ahorrar
He set aside some cash for use at the weekend.
set back phrasal verb

to delay the progress of

retrasar, atrasar
His illness set him back a bit at school.
set down phrasal verb

(of a bus etc) to stop and let (passengers) out

dejar
The bus set us down outside the post-office.
set in phrasal verb

to begin or become established

empezar, comenzar, surgir
Boredom soon set in among the children.
set off phrasal verb

(sometimes with on) to start a journey

partir, salir, ponerse en camino
We set off to go to the beach.

to cause to start doing something

hacer empezar, provocar, desencadenar
She had almost stopped crying, but his harsh words set her off again.

to explode or ignite

hacer estallar/explotar
You should let your father set off all the fireworks.
set (something or someone) on (someone) phrasal verb

to cause (eg dogs) to attack (a person)

atacar, agredir
He set his dogs on me.
set out phrasal verb

to start a journey

partir, salir
He set out to explore the countryside.

to intend

proponerse, tener la intención
I didn’t set out to prove him wrong.
set to phrasal verb

to start to do something (vigorously)

ponerse a, empezar a
They set to, and finished the work the same day.
set up phrasal verb

to establish

establecerse
When was the organization set up?

to arrange or construct

montar, instalar
He set up the apparatus for the experiment.
set up camp

to erect tents etc

levantar campamento
They set up camp in a field.
set up house

to establish one’s own home

instalarse
He’ll soon be earning enough to set up house on his own.
set up shop

to start a shop

abrir una tienda
They set up shop in the High Street.
set upon phrasal verb ( set on)

to attack

atacar, agredir
He set upon me in the dark.

(Translation of “set” from the PASSWORD English-Spanish Dictionary © 2014 K Dictionaries Ltd)