abstain Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary
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Meaning of “abstain” in the English Dictionary

"abstain" in British English

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abstainverb [I]

uk   us   /æbˈsteɪn/

abstain verb [I] (NOT DO)

to not do something, ​especially something ​enjoyable that you ​think might be ​bad: He took a ​vow to abstain fromalcohol/​smoking/​sex.

abstain verb [I] (NOT VOTE)

to ​decide not to use ​yourvote: 63 ​membersvoted in ​favour, 39 ​opposed, and 15 abstained.

abstain verb [I] (STAY AWAY)

Indian English to ​stay away from ​work: During a ​recentgeneralstrike, ​employees of all ​majortradeunions abstained.
abstainer
noun [C] uk   /æbˈsteɪ.nər/  us   /-nɚ/
(Definition of abstain from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"abstain" in American English

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abstainverb [I]

 us   /æbˈsteɪn, əb-/
to not do something you could do, esp. something that is ​unhealthy or gives you ​pleasure: Some ​families abstain from ​eatingfriedfood. If you abstain from ​voting, you do not ​votealthough you are ​permitted to ​vote.
(Definition of abstain from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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