Meaning of “and” in the English Dictionary

"and" in British English

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uk strong /ænd/ weak /ənd/ /ən/ us strong /ænd/ weak /ənd/ /ən/

and conjunction (ALSO)

A1 used to join two words, phrases, parts of sentences, or related statements together:

Ann and Jim
boys and girls
We were wet and tired.
We kissed and hugged each other.
Tidy up your room. And don't forget to make your bed!
and so on A2 also and so forth

together with other similar things:

schools, colleges, and so on
and all

and everything else:

She bought the whole lot - house, farm, horses, and all.

UK slang too:

I'd like some and all.
and all that informal

and everything related to the subject mentioned:

She likes grammar and all that.

used to mean that either one of two things or both of them is possible:

Many pupils have extra classes in the evenings and/or at weekends.

More examples

  • The Australians have won three gold medals and two silvers in the swimming events.
  • It costs a lot to feed and clothe five children.
  • Snakes and lizards are cold-blooded animals.
  • Your shoes will be repaired and ready for you to collect on Thursday.
  • I'm afraid those days are gone and they'll never come again.

and conjunction (THEN)

A1 used to join two parts of a sentence, one part happening after the other part:

I got dressed and had my breakfast.

as a result:

Bring the flowers into a warm room and they'll soon open.
Stand over there and you'll be able to see it better.

A2 With certain verbs, "and" can mean "in order to":

I asked him to go and find my glasses.
Come and see me tomorrow.
Wait and see (= wait in order to see) what happens.
informal Try and get (= try to get) some tickets for tonight's performance.

More examples

  • Take your clothes off and get in the bath.
  • I grabbed the dog by the collar and dragged it out of the room.
  • He drew a heart and coloured it red.
  • A young girl came up to me and asked for money.
  • I found it hard to follow what the teacher was saying, and eventually I lost concentration.

and conjunction (FOR EMPHASIS)

B1 If "and" is used to join two words that are the same, it makes their meaning stronger:

She spends hours and hours (= a very long time) on the phone.
The sound grew louder and louder (= very loud).
We laughed and laughed (= laughed a lot).

More examples

  • He just got thinner and thinner.
  • The weather seems to get worse and worse.
  • We're having to wait longer and longer to see a doctor.

(Definition of “and” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"and" in American English

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us /ænd, ənd/

and conjunction (ALSO)

(used to join two words, phrases, or parts of sentences) in addition to; also:

We were tired and hungry.

And can be used when you add numbers:

Three and two are five.

and conjunction (THEN)

(used to join two parts of a sentence, one part happening after or because of the other part) after that; then:

I met Jonathan, and we went out for a cup of coffee.

and conjunction (TO)

infml (used after some verbs) to, or in order to:

Let’s try and get tickets for the hockey game tonight.

and conjunction (VERY)

(used to join two words, esp. two that are the same, to make their meaning stronger):


(Definition of “and” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)