Meaning of “archaeologist” in the English Dictionary


"archaeologist" in English

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US also archeologist uk /ˌɑː.kiˈɒl.ə.dʒɪst/ us /ˌɑːr.kiˈɑː.lə.dʒɪst/

C1 someone who studies the buildings, graves, tools, and other objects of people who lived in the past


Examples from literature

  • Archaeologists also learned that when important people died, their horses were killed. 
  • Archaeologists believe there are many more tombs with mummies and treasures to find in the Valley of the Kings. 
  • Archaeologists can learn a lot about ancient people from these mummies, too. 
  • Archaeologists don’t only learn about people from the treasures they find buried with them. 
  • Archaeologists find out a lot from mummies without DNA as well. 
  • Archaeologists found several other mummified horses in the area. 
  • Archaeologists found the king’s 3,000-year-old mummified body and many amazing treasures in the tomb. 
  • Archaeologists learned that some people kept cats just so they could kill them and bury them in tombs. 
  • Archaeologists think the silk possibly came from India. 
  • Archaeologists think these bog mummies were killed for doing bad things. 
  • By studying these animal mummies, archaeologists learned that ancient Egyptians took good care of their pets. 
  • In 1991, archaeologists found a mummified body on a mountain in Italy. 
  • People around the world were mummified in different ways, but all mummies help archaeologists learn about the past. 
  • So, people from Europe were in this part of China much earlier than archaeologists thought before. 
  • The archaeologist studies treasures found in tombs. 
  • This helped archaeologists learn that these people were European. 
  • This tells archaeologists that they were everyday people, not kings and queens. 

(Definition of “archaeologist” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)