Meaning of “archaeology” in the English Dictionary

"archaeology" in British English

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archaeologynoun [ U ]

US also archeology uk /ˌɑː.kiˈɒl.ə.dʒi/ us /ˌɑːr.kiˈɑː.lə.dʒi/

C1 the study of the buildings, graves, tools, and other objects that belonged to people who lived in the past, in order to learn about their culture and society

Examples

  • Daniel is very interested in history and archaeology, and often visits historic sites.
  • She is an expert on the archaeology of ancient Egypt.
  • We both studied archaeology at university before coming to work at the museum.
  • Excavating human remains is one of the most exciting parts of archaeology.
  • The Department of Archaeology has organized a dig in medieval Exeter this summer.

(Definition of “archaeology” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"archaeology" in American English

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archaeologynoun [ U ]

also archeology us /ˌɑr·kiˈɑl·ə·dʒi/

the study of ancient cultures through examination of their buildings, tools, and other objects

archaeological
adjective [ not gradable ] also archeological us /ˌɑr·ki·əˈlɑdʒ·ɪ·kəl/

I always wanted to go on an archaeological dig.
archaeologist
noun [ C ] also archeologist us /ˌɑr·kiˈɑl·ə·dʒɪst/

A marine archaeologist has uncovered the wreck of the sunken ship.

(Definition of “archaeology” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)