Meaning of “benzene” in the English Dictionary

british dictionary

"benzene" in British English

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benzenenoun [ U ]

uk /ˈben.ziːn/ us /ˈben.ziːn/

Examples from literature

  • Benzene, a substance compounded of carbon and hydrogen, obtained by destructive distillation from coal-tar and other organic bodies, used as a substitute for turpentine and for dissolving grease. 
  • If you are after the greatest yield of tar products, you impoverish the gas by taking out the benzene and get a blue instead of a bright yellow flame. 
  • It is very soluble in water, easily soluble in boiling alcohol, much less in cold alcohol, and insoluble in ether, chloroform and benzene. 
  • Remove paint stains with benzene or turpentine, machine oil with cold water and Ivory soap, vaseline with turpentine. 
  • Six atoms of carbon and six of hydrogen put together in a certain way make benzene. 

(Definition of “benzene” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"benzene" in American English

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benzenenoun [ U ]

/ˈben·zin/

chemistry a colorless liquid made from petroleum (= thick oil from under the ground), from which plastics and many chemical products can be made

(Definition of “benzene” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

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