breakdown Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary Cambridge dictionaries logo

Meaning of “breakdown” in the English Dictionary

"breakdown" in British English

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breakdownnoun

uk   us   /ˈbreɪk.daʊn/
  • breakdown noun (FAILURE)

B2 [C] a ​failure to ​work or be ​successful: I had a breakdown (= my ​carstoppedworking) in the ​middle of the ​road. Both ​sidesblamed each other for the breakdown oftalks.
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  • breakdown noun (ILLNESS)

(Definition of breakdown from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"breakdown" in American English

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breakdownnoun [C]

 us   /ˈbreɪkˌdɑʊn/
  • breakdown noun [C] (FAILURE)

a ​mechanicalfailure, or a ​failure in a ​system or a ​relationship: There was ​evidently a breakdown in ​communicationleading to the ​falsereport. Their ​cartrip was a ​disaster – they had ​frequent breakdowns and never ​reachedtheirdestination.
  • breakdown noun [C] (DIVISION)

a ​division of ​information into ​parts that ​belong together: We need a breakdown of the ​statistics into ​agegroups.
  • breakdown noun [C] (ANXIETY)

a ​condition in which you are ​unable to ​controlthoughts or ​feelings that ​prevent you from ​living and ​working as you usually do: It's about a ​middle-aged New York ​cop who is having a ​nervous breakdown.
(Definition of breakdown from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"breakdown" in Business English

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breakdownnoun

uk   us   /ˈbreɪkdaʊn/
[C or U] a ​failure to ​work correctly or to be ​successful: The city is ​losing millions of ​dollars in ​lostproductivity because of all of the mechanical breakdowns and ​systemfailures. Each ​side blamed the other for the breakdown of the ​negotiations.breakdown in sth There has been a breakdown in ​communication between ​management and ​staff.
( US also breakout) a ​division of something into its ​parts, so that you can see all the details: I ​asked for a full breakdown of the ​costs involved in setting up a new ​website.
(Definition of breakdown from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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“breakdown” in Business English

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