Meaning of “cerebellum” in the English Dictionary

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"cerebellum" in British English

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cerebellumnoun [ C ]

uk /ˌser.əˈbel.əm/ us /ˌser.əˈbel.əm/ plural cerebella cerebellums specialized

Examples from literature

  • Although most of the information goes to the visual cortex, which processes sight information, some of the eye’s nerves send information to the cerebellum, too, which helps control balance and movement. 
  • Balance, for example, is controlled by the cerebellum. 
  • In its general form and appearance, as well as in the arrangement of its cell-bodies and axons, the cerebellum resembles the cerebrum. 
  • The cerebellum increases with the greater locomotive powers of the animal. 
  • The cerebellum is connected with other parts of the nervous system by strands of white matter on each side, radiating from the center and divided into numerous branches. 
  • The cerebellum, or hind brain, is also divided into two hemispheres, and is situated behind and below the hemispheres of the cerebrum. 
  • The general function of the cerebellum, therefore, cannot be explained, but the latest experiments in physiological and anatomical science seem to favor the theory that it is in some way connected with the harmony of the movements. 
  • Thus, in the tottering gait of the tipsy man, we see the influence of alcohol upon the functions of the cerebellum in the impairment of its power of co-ordinating the muscles. 

(Definition of “cerebellum” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"cerebellum" in American English

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cerebellumnoun [ C ]

/ˌser·əˈbel·əm/

biology a large part at the back of the brain that controls the muscles, movement, and balance

(Definition of “cerebellum” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)