Meaning of “conviction” in the English Dictionary

"conviction" in English

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uk /kənˈvɪk.ʃən/ us /kənˈvɪk.ʃən/

conviction noun (CRIME)

C2 [ C or U ] the fact of officially being found to be guilty of a particular crime, or the act of officially finding someone guilty:

Since it was her first conviction for stealing, she was given a less severe sentence.
He has a long record of previous convictions for similar offences.
The conviction of the three demonstrators has caused public outrage locally.

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conviction noun (OPINION)

C2 [ C or U ] a strong opinion or belief:

religious/moral convictions
a deep/strong/lifelong conviction
[ + that ] It's my personal conviction that all rapists should be locked away for life.

[ U ] a feeling of being certain about something:

He said he was enjoying his new job, but his voice lacked conviction.

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(Definition of “conviction” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"conviction" in American English

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convictionnoun [ C/U ]

us /kənˈvɪk·ʃən/

conviction noun [ C/U ] (BELIEF)

a strong belief that is not likely to change, or the strong feeling that your beliefs are right:

[ C ] He has no ability to communicate his convictions.
[ U ] His followers believed with varying degrees of conviction.

conviction noun [ C/U ] (CRIME)

the act of deciding officially in a court of law that someone is guilty of a particular crime:

[ C ] His criminal record includes convictions for robberies in several states.

(Definition of “conviction” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"conviction" in Business English

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uk /kənˈvɪkʃən/ us LAW

[ C ] a decision made by a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime:

have a conviction for sth He has two previous convictions for tax evasion.

[ U ] the process of proving in a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime:

Too many defendants are escaping conviction because the case against them was poorly presented.

(Definition of “conviction” from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

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The conviction was upheld last week.
Conviction, passion and reason are part of what we bring to our politics, but also an appreciation of being able to do business with each other.
We all share the conviction that failure in this area would damage the project of enlargement for many years to come.
I believe that you have chosen an appropriate moment, that you have spelled out a coherent and significant vision and that you have formulated a challenge with great personal conviction.
We must therefore continue to cultivate these relations with vigour and conviction against a background of hope in the opening of accession negotiations at the beginning of next year.
I have the impression and the deep conviction that the result of these elections is a profound change in the social structure of both societies.
Our work with our partners is animated by the conviction that, if changes are to last, they must come from within society.
I would like to be able to share with everyone my conviction that, in our countries, no one is a stranger.
We are doing this out of the conviction that the rules of nation states on the compensation of victims are inadequate.
Let us do so, therefore, with conviction.