Meaning of “correlation” in the English Dictionary

"correlation" in American English

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correlationnoun [ C ]

us /ˌkɔr·əˈleɪ·ʃən, ˌkɑr-/

a connection between two or more things:

There is a proven correlation between educational level and income.
verb [ I/T ] us /ˈkɔr·əˌleɪt, ˈkɑr-/

[ T ] The study found that weather conditions were not correlated with joint pain.

(Definition of “correlation” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"correlation" in Business English

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correlationnoun [ C or U ]

uk /ˌkɒrəˈleɪʃən/ us

a connection between two or more things, especially when one of them causes or influences the other:

correlation between sth and sth The research aims to identify if there is a correlation between corporate reputation and profits.
correlation with sth Does the way workers feel they are perceived by their employers have a correlation with ambition?
a clear/close/direct correlation Expenditure on training has a clear correlation with productivity.
low/little/no correlation Stocks do not respond to rate changes in the same way as bonds do, so there is little correlation between stock and bond value with respect to interest rates.

(Definition of “correlation” from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)