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Meaning of “damage” in the English Dictionary

"damage" in British English

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damageverb [T]

uk   /ˈdæm.ɪdʒ/ us   /ˈdæm.ɪdʒ/
B1 to harm or spoil something: Many buildings were badly damaged during the war. It was a scandal that damaged a lot of reputations.

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damagenoun

uk   /ˈdæm.ɪdʒ/ us   /ˈdæm.ɪdʒ/
B1 [U] harm or injury: Strong winds had caused serious damage to the roof. Recent discoveries about corruption have done serious damage to the company's reputation. The doctors were worried that he might have suffered brain damage.
damages [plural]
money that is paid to someone by a person or organization who has been responsible for causing them some injury or loss: The politician was awarded £50,000 in damages over false allegations made by the newspaper. The police have been ordered to pay substantial damages to the families of the two dead boys.

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(Definition of damage from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"damage" in American English

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damageverb [T]

us   /ˈdæm·ɪdʒ/
to harm or spoil something: Many buildings were badly damaged by the earthquake. News reports damaged the senator’s reputation.

damagenoun [U]

us   /ˈdæm·ɪdʒ/
harm or injury: The fire did serious damage to the buildings. He suffered brain damage in the accident.
(Definition of damage from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"damage" in Business English

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damagenoun [U]

uk   /ˈdæmɪdʒ/ us  
harm that is done to someone or something that makes them less successful: damage to sth/sb The firm was lucky to get away with little damage to its reputation.do/cause damage (to sth/sb) The pensions scandal did a lot of damage to the Government's credibility.inflict damage on sth/sb Public relations disasters could inflict damage on the brand. The solicitors say their clients will hold the bank liable for any loss and damage suffered as a result of the arrangements. severe/irreparable/serious damage economic/financial damage
physical harm that is done to something: They asked their insurers to assess the damage so that they could make a claim.do/cause damage (to sth) The government estimates the damage done by the fires at millions of pounds. Roofs are most likely to suffer damage during a hurricane. storm/wind/water damage severe/irreparable/serious damage environmental/structural damage
damages [plural]
LAW money that a person or organization is ordered by a court of law to pay to another person or organization because they are responsible for harming them in some way: They want the rival company to withdraw the product and pay damages.£140,000/$12 million, etc. in damages Juries have been handing out millions of dollars in damages for minor injuries. A party failing to fulfil their part of the contract will presumably be liable for damages.award damages (to sb) In addition to the damages awarded to Robertson, his wife was awarded $500,000.claim/seek/sue for damages (for sth) He was seeking damages for breach of contract,.be awarded/receive/recover damages (for sth) If the odds of survival fell because of a missed diagnosis, victims would be able to try to recover damages.
the damage is done
harm has been caused and it is too late to change the situation: Even though he was acquitted, the damage was done.

damageverb [T]

uk   /ˈdæmɪdʒ/ us  
to harm someone or something in a way that makes them less successful: The Chancellor is being urged not to take steps that could damage Britain's competitiveness. They feared that public knowledge of the deal might damage them.seriously/severely/irreparably damage sb/sth He is suing his colleague on the grounds that her accusations severely damaged his reputation.
to physically harm something: People who are under-insured won't be able to rebuild if their homes are damaged by a hurricane.seriously/severely/irreparably damage sth The fire completely destroyed five buildings and severely damaged several more.
(Definition of damage from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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“damage” in British English

“damage” in American English

“damage” in Business English

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