do Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary

Meaning of “do” in the English Dictionary

"do" in British English

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doauxiliary verb

uk   us   // /du/ /duː/ (did, done)

do auxiliary verb (FOR QUESTIONS/NEGATIVES)

A1 used with another ​verb to ​formquestions and ​negativesentences, ​includingnegativeorders, and sometimes in ​affirmativesentences for ​reasons of ​style: Where do you ​work? Why did you do that? Why don't we have ​lunch together on ​Friday? Doesn't Matthew ​lookold these ​days? "Didn't you ​realize she was ​deaf?" "No I didn't."/"Of ​course I did." Not only did I ​speak to her, I ​even got her ​autograph!formal Never did I ​hear such a ​terriblenoise. Don't (you) ​speak to me like that!UK Don't let's ​argue about it (= let's not ​argue about it).formal So ​quietly did she ​speak (= she ​spoke so ​quietly) that I could ​scarcelyhear her. Little does he ​know (= he ​knows nothing about it), but we're ​flying to Geneva next ​weekend to ​celebrate his ​birthday. "I ​want two ​chocolatebars and an ​icecream." "Do you now/​indeed? (= that is ​surprising or ​unreasonable)."A2 used ​instead of the ​mainverb in ​questions that are ​added to the end of a ​sentence to ​checkinformation: You ​met him at ​ourparty, didn't you? You don't ​understand the ​question, do you? used ​instead of the ​mainverb in ​questions that are ​added to the end of a ​sentence as a way of ​expressingsurprise: So Susannah and May ​finally got ​married, did they?
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do auxiliary verb (TO AVOID REPEATING)

B1 used to ​avoidrepeating a ​verb or ​verb phrase: She ​runs much ​faster than he does. Maria ​looks much ​healthier than she did. "I don't like ​intenseheat." "Neither/Nor do I." "I ​hateintenseheat." "So do I." "You ​leftyourumbrella." "So I did. I'm so ​forgetful these ​days."UK "Would you ​mindtidying up the ​kitchen?" "I already have done." "May I ​join you?" "Please do!" "Who said that?" "I did." "Tilly ​speaksfluentJapanese." "Does she really?" "I ​thought I'd take a ​day off ​school today." "Oh no you don't (= I'm not going to ​let you do that)!"
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do auxiliary verb (FOR EMPHASIS)

B2 [+ infinitive without to] used to give ​extraforce to the ​mainverb: "Can I ​buystamps here?" "Well, we do ​sell them, but we don't have any at the ​moment."UK Do ​shut up, Georgia, and get on with ​yourhomework.UK Do write and ​let me ​know how you're getting on.UK He ​cooks a lot does Alex. He does ​far more than me.
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uk   us   // /du/ /duː/ /duː/ (did, done)

do verb (PERFORM)

A1 [T] to ​perform, take ​part in, or ​achieve something: That was a really ​stupid thing to do. What are you doing over the ​weekend? The only thing we can do now is ​wait and ​see what ​happens.UK Why were you ​sent to ​see the ​headmaster? What have you done now?US Why were you ​sent to the principal's ​office? What did you do now? You should be ​able to do it by yourself/on ​your own.UK What have you done (= made ​happen) to her?US What did you do (= make ​happen) to her? What (on ​earth) were you doing in the ​library (= why were you there) at two o'clock in the ​morning? What are these ​toys doing here? (= Why are they here?) What do you do (for a ​living)? (= What is ​yourjob?) What can I do for you? (= How can I ​help you?)UK What have you done with (= where have you put) my ​coat?US What did you do with (= where did you put) my ​coat? She just hasn't ​known what to do with herself (= how to ​keep herself ​busy) since she ​ sth about sth to take ​action to ​deal with something: It's a ​globalproblem - what can ​individuals do about it?do well/badly by sb formal to ​treat someone well or ​badly
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do verb (ACT)

[I or T] to ​act or take ​action: Stop ​arguing with me, Daryl, and do as you're told! She told me not to ​ask any ​questions, just to do as she did. "Was it ​wrong of me to go to the ​police?" "Oh no, I'm ​sure you did ​right/did the ​right thing." You'd do well to take some ​professionaladvice on this ​matter.
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do verb (CONNECTED)

to do with B2 connected with: "Why did you ​want to ​talk to me?" "Well, it's to do with a ​complaint that's been made about ​yourwork." "But I didn't have any ​money." "What does that have to do with it? You still shouldn't have taken my ​wallet without ​asking me." She ​refused to have anything (more) to do with him after he was ​arrested for ​drinking and ​driving. "I ​thought I should ​tell you I ​sawyoursonsmoking today." "Mind ​your own ​business! What my ​son does has nothing to do with you!"

do verb (DEAL WITH)

A1 [T] to ​deal with or be ​responsible for something: Lucia is going to do the ​publicity for the ​schoolplay. If they ​ask any ​awkwardquestions, just ​let me do the ​talking.
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do verb (STUDY)

A1 [T] UK to ​study a ​subject: Diane did ​anthropology at ​university.
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do verb (SOLVE)

[T] to ​solve or ​find the ​answer to something: to do a ​puzzle I've never been ​able to do ​crosswords.
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do verb (MAKE)

A2 [T] to make, ​produce, or ​create something: I can't go out ​tonight - I've got to do my ​historypaper. [+ two objects] UK Can you do me 20 ​photocopies of this ​report/do 20 ​photocopies of this ​report for me?
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do verb (FINISH)

UK [I] If you say that you have done with something or someone, or have done ​performing a ​particularaction, you ​mean that you have ​finished what you were doing with something or someone, or what you were saying to someone, or that you have ​finished the ​action: Have you done with those ​scissorsyet? Where are you going? I haven't done with you ​yet (= I am still ​talking to you). [+ -ing verb] I haven't done ​talking to you ​yet.


B1 [I or T] to ​clean something, or make something ​lookneat and ​attractive: I ​cooked the ​dinner so you can do (= ​wash) the ​dishes. do ​your hair/​make-up/​nailsUK I ​want to do (= ​clean) the ​livingroom this ​afternoon.
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do verb (ARRANGE)

[T] mainly UK to ​arrange something: You've done those ​flowersbeautifully. Can anyone here do (= ​tie) bow-ties?
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do verb (TRAVEL)

[T] to ​travel a ​particulardistance or to ​travel at a ​particularspeed: It's an ​oldcar and it's done over 80,000 ​miles. My new ​car does 50 ​miles to the ​gallon (= uses one gallon of ​fuel to ​travel 50 ​miles) He was ​caught doing 80 ​miles an ​hour. [T] to ​complete a ​journey: We did the ​journey to Boston in five ​hours.
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  • My ​car only does about 60 ​mph, ​even when it's going ​flat out.
  • We were doing 90mph, so that other ​car that ​passed us must have been really ​travelling!


C1 [I or T] mainly UK to be ​acceptable, ​suitable, or enough: Will this ​room do or would you ​prefer one with a ​shower? This ​kind of ​behaviour just won't do. [+ to infinitive] It doesn't do tocriticizeyourparents. I don't have any ​grapefruitjuice, but I've got some ​orangejuice. Will that do (you)? "Is that enough ​potato, or would you like some more?" "That'll do (= be enough for) me, ​thanks."
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do verb (CAUSE TO HAVE)

[T] to ​provide or ​sell something, or to ​cause someone to have something: They are doing a ​specialoffer - three for the ​price of two. Do you do ​travelinsurance as well as ​flights? The ​bar only does ​food at ​lunchtimes, not in the ​evenings.
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do verb (COOK)

[T] to ​cook or ​preparefood: Who's doing the ​food for ​yourparty? [+ two objects] UK I'll do you some ​scrambledeggs.
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do verb (MANAGE)

B1 [I usually + adverb] to ​develop or ​continue with the ​statedamount of ​success: How is Mary doing in her new ​job/​school? Both the new ​mother and her ​baby are doing very well. Are ​yourroses doing all ​right this ​year? Many ​smallbusinesses are doing badly because of the ​economicsituation. I did ​pretty well when I ​traded in my ​car - they gave me a good ​price for it. Alexa has done well for herself (= has ​achievedgreatpersonalsuccess), getting such a ​highlypaidjob.
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do verb (PLAY)

[T] to ​perform a ​play or to ​play the ​part of a ​character: The ​children are doing a ​play at the end of ​term. She's done all the ​important Shakespearean ​roles except for ​Lady Macbeth. I ​hope she doesn't do a Helen (= do what Helen did) and get ​divorced six ​months after her ​wedding.

do verb (VISIT)

[T] informal to ​visit the ​interestingplaces in a ​town or ​country, or to ​look around an ​interestingplace: We didn't get to do Nice when we were in France.

do verb (STEAL)

[T] UK informal to ​enter a ​buildingillegally and ​steal from it: Our ​house was done while we were away.

do verb (CHEAT)

[T] UK informal to ​cheat someone: $50 for that ​oldbike! You've been done! He did me for a thousand ​quid for that ​car.

do verb (PRISON)

[T] informal to ​spendtime in ​prison: He did three ​years for his ​part in the ​robbery. If you're not ​careful you'll end up doing time again.

do verb (PUNISH)

[T] mainly UK informal to ​punish someone: If you ​mess with me again, I'll do you good and ​proper. I got done (= ​stopped by the ​police) forspeeding on my way ​home last ​night.

do verb (TAKE DRUG)

[T] informal to take an ​illegaldrug: How ​long have you been doing ​heroin? I don't do ​drugs.

do verb (HAPPEN)

be doing UK informal to be ​happening: This ​town is so ​boring in the ​evening - there's never anything doing.

donoun [C]

uk   us   // /du/ /duː/ /duː/ (plural dos)

do noun [C] (TREATMENT)

UK informal a way of ​treatingpeople: There are no ​specialprivileges for the ​managers - we ​believe in fair dos all round (= ​equaltreatment for everyone) in this ​company. It's a poor do (= a ​bad/​unfairsituation) when a ​so-calleddevelopedcountry can't ​evenprovidehomes for all ​itscitizens.

do noun [C] (PARTY)

mainly UK informal a ​party or other ​socialevent: Colin's having a bit of a do for his 50th ​birthday. It was one of those dos where nobody really ​knew each other.

do noun [C] (HAIR)

US a hairdo

donoun [S]

(also doh) uk   /dəʊ/  us   /doʊ/
the first ​note of the sol-famusical scale: Would you ​sing me a do, ​please?
(Definition of do from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"do" in American English

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doauxiliary verb

 us   /du/ (present tense does  /dʌz, dəz/ , past tense did  /dɪd/ )

do auxiliary verb (FOR QUESTIONS/NEGATIVES)

(past participle done  /dʌn/ ) used with another ​verb to ​formquestions and ​negativesentences: Where do you ​work? Why don’t we have ​lunch together on ​Friday? "Didn’t you ​know Sophie was coming?" "Of ​course I did." Don’t ​talk about that. Note: The negative contractions are doesn’t, didn’t, and don’t.

do auxiliary verb (FOR EMPHASIS)

used to give ​extraforce to the ​mainverb: Do be ​careful. I did say she was a ​liar, but I was ​wrong. "Can I ​buystamps here?" "Well, we do ​sell them, but we’re out of them ​right now."

do auxiliary verb (TO AVOID REPEATING)

(past participle done  /dʌn/ ) used to ​avoidrepeating a ​verb or ​verb phrase: "I don’t like either ​candidate." "Neither do I." He said he’d ​leave the ​car in the ​garage, but he didn’t. "May I ​join you?" "Please do!" "Did you ​leave the ​dooropen?" "Yes, I did." (past participle done  /dʌn/ ) Do can also ​replace the ​mainverb in ​questions that are ​added to the end of a ​sentence: You ​met him at a ​conference, didn’t you?


 us   /du/ (present tense does  /dʌz, dəz/ , past tense did  /dɪd/ , past participle done  /dʌn/ )


[T] to ​cause something to ​happen or be the ​cause of something ​happening; ​perform or have a ​part in an ​activity: Inviting the ​wholefamily was a really ​nice thing to do. What are you doing over the ​weekend? I’ve got to ​stayhome and do my ​homework. The ​theaterclub is doing "​South Pacific" this ​year. I’m ​sorry, there’s nothing more to be done (= nothing ​else will ​help). It isn’t ​important whether you ​win or ​lose – just do ​yourbest. It’s been a ​pleasure doing ​business with you (= ​dealing with you). The ​company is ​counting on each of you to do ​yourpart/​share. Would you do me a ​favor (= ​help me) and get some ​bread while you’re out? A little ​freshair will do you some good (= make you ​feelbetter). What are these ​toys doing here (= Why are they here)? I’ve been ​trying to do (= ​solve) this ​puzzle for ​hours. What can I do for you (= How can I ​help you)? What have you done with my ​coat (= Where have you put it)? Since she ​retired, she doesn’t ​know what to do with herself (= how to ​keep herself ​busy). [T] To do can ​mean to ​work at as a ​regularjob: "What do you do?" "I ​teach high ​schoolmath." [T] If you ​ask or say how someone is doing, you are ​asking or saying how the ​person is ​feeling or what the person’s ​condition is: How are you ​folks doing today? Both the ​mother and her new ​baby are doing ​fine. We’ve had some ​difficulttimes, but we’re doing all ​right now. [T] If you say what’s doing or what’s doing at a ​particularplace, you are ​asking what is ​happening there: What’s doing at the ​office?

do verb (ARRANGE)

[T] to ​shape, ​arrange, or ​fix something in an ​attractive way: Who does ​yourhair?

do verb (TRAVEL)

[T] to ​travel at a ​statedspeed or over a ​particulardistance: We were only doing 70 ​milesperhour. We did 400 ​milesyesterday.


[I] to be ​acceptable, ​suitable, or enough: "Will this ​room do?" "Yes, it’ll be ​fine." This ​kind of ​behavior just won’t do.
(Definition of do from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
Translations of “do”
in Korean 다른 동사와 함께 쓰여 의문문이나 부정문을 만든다, 부가 의문문을 만들때 쓰인다, 이미 사용된 동사의 반복을 피하기 위해 그 대신 쓰인다…
in Arabic فِعل مُساعِد يُستَخدَم في أول الجُملة لِلسؤال بِمعنى: هَل, فِعل مُساعِد يُستَخدَم في آخِر الجُملة لِلسؤال بِمعنى: أليس كّذلِك, فِعل مُساعِد يُستَخدَم لمنع التِكرارفي الجُملة بِمعنى: وأنا أيضا…
in Malaysian tidak, ada, datang…
in French Je pensais qu’elle ne viendrait pas, mais elle est venue quand même, ”do” s’emploie avec le verbe principal après les mots suivants“seldom”…
in Russian вспом. гл., используемый при образовании вопрос. и отриц. предложений, используемый при образовании разделит. вопросов…
in Chinese (Traditional) 用於疑問句/否定句, (與另一動詞連用構成疑問句和否定句,包括倒裝句,有時因文體原因亦可用於肯定句), (在用來確認資訊的疑問句中代替主要動詞)…
in Italian usato con un altro verbo per formare frasi negative e interrogative, usato alla fine di una frase per renderla interrogativa, usato per evitare di ripetere lo stesso verbo in una frase…
in Turkish geniş zaman yardımcı fiili, bir ifade sonunda 'değil mi?' sorusunu yapmak için kullanılır, bir önceki cümledeki fiili kullanmamak için onun yerine kullanılır…
in Polish (= czasownik posiłkowy służący do tworzenia zdań pytających i zaprzeczonych), (= używany w krótkich pytaniach na końcu zdania, które po polsku tłumaczy się jako prawda? lub nieprawdaż?)…
in Spanish 0, hacer, servir…
in Vietnamese trợ động từ, nhấn mạnh hành động, trả lời ngắn…
in Portuguese usado com outro verbo para formar frases interrogativas e negativas, usado no final de uma frase para formar a forma interrogativa, usado para evitar a repetição de um verbo que já foi usado anteriormente…
in Thai กริยาช่วยสำหรับประโยคคำถามและปฏิเสธ, ใช้เน้น, ใช้ย่อความที่มาข้างหน้า…
in German Hilfsverb in Fragen und bei Verneinung, Hilfsverb zur Betonung, statt Wiederholung des Verbs…
in Catalan s’utilitza amb un altre verb per a formar frases interrogatives i negatives, s’afegeix conjugat al final d’una frase per a convertir-la en una pregunta, s’utilitza per a evitar repetir el verb que s’acaba d’esmentar…
in Japanese (疑問文や否定文で一般動詞の代わりに使われる)~ですか、~ではない, (付加疑問文を作る)~ですね, (動詞の反復を避けるために使う)(人、もの)も/が~だ…
in Chinese (Simplified) 用于疑问句/否定句, (与另一动词连用构成疑问句和否定句,包括倒装句,有时因文体原因亦可用于肯定句), (在用来确认信息的疑问句中代替主要动词)…
in Indonesian kata bantu, benar-benar, melakukan…
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