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Meaning of “do” in the English Dictionary

"do" in British English

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doauxiliary verb

uk   // /du/ /duː/ us   // /du/ /duː/ did, done
  • do auxiliary verb (FOR QUESTIONS/NEGATIVES)

A1 used with another verb to form questions and negative sentences, including negative orders, and sometimes in affirmative sentences for reasons of style: Where do you work? Why did you do that? Why don't we have lunch together on Friday? Doesn't Matthew look old these days? "Didn't you realize she was deaf?" "No I didn't."/"Of course I did." Not only did I speak to her, I even got her autograph!formal Never did I hear such a terrible noise. Don't (you) speak to me like that!UK Don't let's argue about it (= let's not argue about it).formal So quietly did she speak (= she spoke so quietly) that I could scarcely hear her. Little does he know (= he knows nothing about it), but we're flying to Geneva next weekend to celebrate his birthday. "I want two chocolate bars and an ice cream." "Do you now/indeed? (= that is surprising or unreasonable)."
A2 used instead of the main verb in questions that are added to the end of a sentence to check information: You met him at our party, didn't you? You don't understand the question, do you?
used instead of the main verb in questions that are added to the end of a sentence as a way of expressing surprise: So Susannah and May finally got married, did they?

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  • do auxiliary verb (TO AVOID REPEATING)

B1 used to avoid repeating a verb or verb phrase: She runs much faster than he does. Maria looks much healthier than she did. "I don't like intense heat." "Neither/Nor do I." "I hate intense heat." "So do I." "You left your umbrella." "So I did. I'm so forgetful these days."UK "Would you mind tidying up the kitchen?" "I already have done." "May I join you?" "Please do!" "Who said that?" "I did." "Tilly speaks fluent Japanese." "Does she really?" "I thought I'd take a day off school today." "Oh no you don't (= I'm not going to let you do that)!"

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  • do auxiliary verb (FOR EMPHASIS)

B2 [+ infinitive without to] used to give extra force to the main verb: "Can I buy stamps here?" "Well, we do sell them, but we don't have any at the moment."UK Do shut up, Georgia, and get on with your homework.UK Do write and let me know how you're getting on.UK He cooks a lot does Alex. He does far more than me.

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doverb

uk   // /du/ /duː/ us   // /du/ /duː/ did, done
  • do verb (PERFORM)

A1 [T] to perform, take part in, or achieve something: That was a really stupid thing to do. What are you doing over the weekend? The only thing we can do now is wait and see what happens.UK Why were you sent to see the headmaster? What have you done now?US Why were you sent to the principal's office? What did you do now? You should be able to do it by yourself/on your own.UK What have you done (= made happen) to her?US What did you do (= make happen) to her? What (on earth) were you doing in the library (= why were you there) at two o'clock in the morning? What are these toys doing here? (= Why are they here?) What do you do (for a living)? (= What is your job?) What can I do for you? (= How can I help you?)UK What have you done with (= where have you put) my coat?US What did you do with (= where did you put) my coat? She just hasn't known what to do with herself (= how to keep herself busy) since she retired.
do sth about sth
to take action to deal with something: It's a global problem - what can individuals do about it?
do well/badly by sb formal
to treat someone well or badly

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  • do verb (ACT)

[I or T] to act or take action: Stop arguing with me, Daryl, and do as you're told! She told me not to ask any questions, just to do as she did. "Was it wrong of me to go to the police?" "Oh no, I'm sure you did right/did the right thing." You'd do well to take some professional advice on this matter.

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  • do verb (CONNECTED)

to do with
B2 connected with: "Why did you want to talk to me?" "Well, it's to do with a complaint that's been made about your work." "But I didn't have any money." "What does that have to do with it? You still shouldn't have taken my wallet without asking me." She refused to have anything (more) to do with him after he was arrested for drinking and driving. "I thought I should tell you I saw your son smoking today." "Mind your own business! What my son does has nothing to do with you!"
  • do verb (DEAL WITH)

A1 [T] to deal with or be responsible for something: Lucia is going to do the publicity for the school play. If they ask any awkward questions, just let me do the talking.

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  • do verb (STUDY)

A1 [T] UK to study a subject: Diane did anthropology at university.

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  • do verb (MAKE)

A2 [T] to make, produce, or create something: I can't go out tonight - I've got to do my history paper. [+ two objects] UK Can you do me 20 photocopies of this report/do 20 photocopies of this report for me?

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  • do verb (FINISH)

UK [I] If you say that you have done with something or someone, or have done performing a particular action, you mean that you have finished what you were doing with something or someone, or what you were saying to someone, or that you have finished the action: Have you done with those scissors yet? Where are you going? I haven't done with you yet (= I am still talking to you). [+ -ing verb] I haven't done talking to you yet.
  • do verb (CLEAN/MAKE TIDY)

B1 [I or T] to clean something, or make something look neat and attractive: I cooked the dinner so you can do (= wash) the dishes. do your hair/make-up/nailsUK I want to do (= clean) the living room this afternoon.

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  • do verb (ARRANGE)

[T] mainly UK to arrange something: You've done those flowers beautifully. Can anyone here do (= tie) bow-ties?

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  • do verb (TRAVEL)

[T] to travel a particular distance or to travel at a particular speed: It's an old car and it's done over 80,000 miles. My new car does 50 miles to the gallon (= uses one gallon of fuel to travel 50 miles) He was caught doing 80 miles an hour.
[T] to complete a journey: We did the journey to Boston in five hours.

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  • do verb (BE ACCEPTABLE)

C1 [I or T] mainly UK to be acceptable, suitable, or enough: Will this room do or would you prefer one with a shower? This kind of behaviour just won't do. [+ to infinitive] It doesn't do to criticize your parents. I don't have any grapefruit juice, but I've got some orange juice. Will that do (you)? "Is that enough potato, or would you like some more?" "That'll do (= be enough for) me, thanks."

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  • do verb (CAUSE TO HAVE)

[T] to provide or sell something, or to cause someone to have something: They are doing a special offer - three for the price of two. Do you do travel insurance as well as flights? The bar only does food at lunchtimes, not in the evenings.

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  • do verb (COOK)

[T] to cook or prepare food: Who's doing the food for your party? [+ two objects] UK I'll do you some scrambled eggs.

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  • do verb (MANAGE)

B1 [I usually + adverb] to develop or continue with the stated amount of success: How is Mary doing in her new job/school? Both the new mother and her baby are doing very well. Are your roses doing all right this year? Many small businesses are doing badly because of the economic situation. I did pretty well when I traded in my car - they gave me a good price for it. Alexa has done well for herself (= has achieved great personal success), getting such a highly paid job.
Synonym

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  • do verb (PLAY)

[T] to perform a play or to play the part of a character: The children are doing a play at the end of term. She's done all the important Shakespearean roles except for Lady Macbeth. I hope she doesn't do a Helen (= do what Helen did) and get divorced six months after her wedding.
  • do verb (VISIT)

[T] informal to visit the interesting places in a town or country, or to look around an interesting place: We didn't get to do Nice when we were in France.
  • do verb (CHEAT)

[T] UK informal to cheat someone: $50 for that old bike! You've been done! He did me for a thousand quid for that car.
  • do verb (PUNISH)

[T] mainly UK informal to punish someone: If you mess with me again, I'll do you good and proper. I got done (= stopped by the police) for speeding on my way home last night.

donoun [C]

uk   /duː/ us   /duː/ plural dos

donoun [S]

also doh uk   /dəʊ/ us   /doʊ/
(Definition of do from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"do" in American English

See all translations

doauxiliary verb

us   /du/ present tense does /dʌz, dəz/ , past tense did /dɪd/
  • do auxiliary verb (FOR QUESTIONS/NEGATIVES)

past participle done /dʌn/ used with another verb to form questions and negative sentences: Where do you work? Why don’t we have lunch together on Friday? "Didn’t you know Sophie was coming?" "Of course I did." Don’t talk about that. Note: The negative contractions are doesn’t, didn’t, and don’t.
  • do auxiliary verb (FOR EMPHASIS)

used to give extra force to the main verb: Do be careful. I did say she was a liar, but I was wrong. "Can I buy stamps here?" "Well, we do sell them, but we’re out of them right now."
  • do auxiliary verb (TO AVOID REPEATING)

past participle done /dʌn/ used to avoid repeating a verb or verb phrase: "I don’t like either candidate." "Neither do I." He said he’d leave the car in the garage, but he didn’t. "May I join you?" "Please do!" "Did you leave the door open?" "Yes, I did."
past participle done /dʌn/ Do can also replace the main verb in questions that are added to the end of a sentence: You met him at a conference, didn’t you?

doverb

us   /du/ present tense does /dʌz, dəz/ , past tense did /dɪd/ , past participle done /dʌn/
  • do verb (CAUSE TO HAPPEN)

[T] to cause something to happen or be the cause of something happening; perform or have a part in an activity: Inviting the whole family was a really nice thing to do. What are you doing over the weekend? I’ve got to stay home and do my homework. The theater club is doing "South Pacific" this year. I’m sorry, there’s nothing more to be done (= nothing else will help). It isn’t important whether you win or lose – just do your best. It’s been a pleasure doing business with you (= dealing with you). The company is counting on each of you to do your part/share. Would you do me a favor (= help me) and get some bread while you’re out? A little fresh air will do you some good (= make you feel better). What are these toys doing here (= Why are they here)? I’ve been trying to do (= solve) this puzzle for hours. What can I do for you (= How can I help you)? What have you done with my coat (= Where have you put it)? Since she retired, she doesn’t know what to do with herself (= how to keep herself busy).
[T] To do can mean to work at as a regular job: "What do you do?" "I teach high school math."
[T] If you ask or say how someone is doing, you are asking or saying how the person is feeling or what the person’s condition is: How are you folks doing today? Both the mother and her new baby are doing fine. We’ve had some difficult times, but we’re doing all right now.
[T] If you say what’s doing or what’s doing at a particular place, you are asking what is happening there: What’s doing at the office?
  • do verb (ARRANGE)

[T] to shape, arrange, or fix something in an attractive way: Who does your hair?
  • do verb (TRAVEL)

[T] to travel at a stated speed or over a particular distance: We were only doing 70 miles per hour. We did 400 miles yesterday.
  • do verb (BE ACCEPTABLE)

[I] to be acceptable, suitable, or enough: "Will this room do?" "Yes, it’ll be fine." This kind of behavior just won’t do.
(Definition of do from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
Translations of “do”
in Korean 다른 동사와 함께 쓰여 의문문이나 부정문을 만든다, 부가 의문문을 만들때 쓰인다, 이미 사용된 동사의 반복을 피하기 위해 그 대신 쓰인다…
in Arabic فِعل مُساعِد يُستَخدَم في أول الجُملة لِلسؤال بِمعنى: هَل, فِعل مُساعِد يُستَخدَم في آخِر الجُملة لِلسؤال بِمعنى: أليس كّذلِك, فِعل مُساعِد يُستَخدَم لمنع التِكرارفي الجُملة بِمعنى: وأنا أيضا…
in Malaysian tidak, ada, datang…
in French Je pensais qu’elle ne viendrait pas, mais elle est venue quand même, ”do” s’emploie avec le verbe principal après les mots suivants“seldom”…
in Russian вспом. гл., используемый при образовании вопрос. и отриц. предложений, используемый при образовании разделит. вопросов…
in Chinese (Traditional) 用於疑問句/否定句, (與另一動詞連用構成疑問句和否定句,包括倒裝句,有時因文體原因亦可用於肯定句), (在用來確認資訊的疑問句中代替主要動詞)…
in Italian usato con un altro verbo per formare frasi negative e interrogative, usato alla fine di una frase per renderla interrogativa, usato per evitare di ripetere lo stesso verbo in una frase…
in Turkish geniş zaman yardımcı fiili, bir ifade sonunda 'değil mi?' sorusunu yapmak için kullanılır, bir önceki cümledeki fiili kullanmamak için onun yerine kullanılır…
in Polish (= czasownik posiłkowy służący do tworzenia zdań pytających i zaprzeczonych), (= używany w krótkich pytaniach na końcu zdania, które po polsku tłumaczy się jako prawda? lub nieprawdaż?)…
in Spanish se usa junto a otro verbo para formar preguntas y frases negativas, se añade conjugado al final de una frase para convertirla en pregunta, se usa para evitar repetir el verbo recién empleado…
in Vietnamese trợ động từ, nhấn mạnh hành động, trả lời ngắn…
in Portuguese usado com outro verbo para formar frases interrogativas e negativas, usado no final de uma frase para formar a forma interrogativa, usado para evitar a repetição de um verbo que já foi usado anteriormente…
in Thai กริยาช่วยสำหรับประโยคคำถามและปฏิเสธ, ใช้เน้น, ใช้ย่อความที่มาข้างหน้า…
in German Hilfsverb in Fragen und bei Verneinung, Hilfsverb zur Betonung, statt Wiederholung des Verbs…
in Catalan s’utilitza amb un altre verb per a formar frases interrogatives i negatives, s’afegeix conjugat al final d’una frase per a convertir-la en una pregunta, s’utilitza per a evitar repetir el verb que s’acaba d’esmentar…
in Japanese (疑問文や否定文で一般動詞の代わりに使われる)~ですか、~ではない, (付加疑問文を作る)~ですね, (動詞の反復を避けるために使う)(人、もの)も/が~だ…
in Chinese (Simplified) 用于疑问句/否定句, (与另一动词连用构成疑问句和否定句,包括倒装句,有时因文体原因亦可用于肯定句), (在用来确认信息的疑问句中代替主要动词)…
in Indonesian kata bantu, benar-benar, melakukan…
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Avoiding common errors with the word enough.
Avoiding common errors with the word enough.
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by Liz Walter Enough is a very common word, but it is easy to make mistakes with it. You need to be careful about its position in a sentence, and the prepositions or verb patterns that come after it. I’ll start with the position of enough in the sentence. When we use it with a noun,

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