down Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary Cambridge dictionaries logo

Meaning of “down” in the English Dictionary

"down" in British English

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downadverb

uk   us   /daʊn/
  • down adverb (LOWER POSITION)

A2 in or towards a ​low or ​lowerposition, from a ​higher one: Is this ​lift going down? Don't ​look down! You'll get ​dizzy. The sun's going down and it'll be ​darksoon. The ​spacecapsule came down in the ​ocean. I ​bent down to ​look under the ​bed.A1 moving from above and onto a ​surface: Just as I was ​sitting down to ​watch TV, the ​phonerang. Why don't you ​lie down on the ​sofa for a while? This ​box is really ​heavy - can we put it down (on the ​floor) for a ​minute? Get down off that ​tableimmediately! The ​terroristsforced everybody to ​lieface down (= with the ​frontpart of the ​body below) on the ​floor. firmly in ​place or into ​position: I put the ​loosefloorboard back and ​nailed it down. He ​held my ​arms down by my ​sides.

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  • down adverb (LOWER LEVEL)

in or towards a ​lowerlevel, a ​smalleramount, or a ​simplerstate: The ​rate of ​inflation is ​finally going down. Turn the TV down - it's way too ​loud! The ​nursebandaged my ​sprainedankle to ​keep the ​swelling down (= to ​limit the ​swelling). If you ​wait a few ​months, the ​price will come down. The Cavaliers were 20 ​points down (= ​losing by 20 ​points) at ​half-time. The ​number of ​students at this ​school has gone down from 500 last ​year to 410.

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  • down adverb (DESTROY)

If you ​burn, ​cut, or ​knock something or someone down, you ​cause it, him, or her to ​fall to the ​ground, usually ​damaged, ​destroyed, or ​injured: The ​houseburned down many ​years ago. These ​trees will have to be ​cut down to make way for the new ​road.UK She was ​knocked down by a ​car and ​killedinstantly.

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  • down adverb (IN WRITING)

B1 in writing or on ​paper: I'll write it down now so I won't ​forget. Do you have it down in writing/on ​paper, or was it just a ​verbalagreement? I've got/put you down for (= have written that you ​want) three ​tickets each. The ​policeofficers were taking down the ​names of ​witnesses.

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  • down adverb (FAR)

B1 used, ​especially with ​prepositions, to ​emphasize that a ​place is at some ​distance from you or from ​somewhereconsidered to be ​central: I'll ​meet you down at the ​gym after ​work. He has a ​house down by the ​harbour. I'm going down to the ​shop to ​buy some ​milk. in or towards the ​south: It's much ​warmer down (in the) ​south. My ​parentslive down in Florida, but they come up to Chicago every ​summer. We're ​moving down to London.

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  • down adverb (OLDER TO YOUNGER)

from an ​olderperson to a ​younger one: The ​necklace has been ​passed/​handed down through seven ​generations. These ​myths have come down to us from ​prehistorictimes.
  • down adverb (MONEY)

at the ​time of ​buying: I gave him $1,000 down, and ​paid the ​rest in ​instalments.

downpreposition

uk   us   /daʊn/
  • down preposition (LOWER POSITION)

A2 in or towards a ​low or ​lowerposition, from a ​higher one: I ​slid down the ​hill. Aikiko ​fell down some ​stairs and ​broke her ​wrist.

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  • down preposition (ALONG)

A2 along: We ​drove down the ​highway as ​far as Atlanta. Her ​office is down the ​corridor on the ​right. They ​sailed the ​boat down the ​river (= towards the ​sea).
  • down preposition (TO)

UK not standard to: I went down the ​pub with my ​mates.

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downverb [T]

uk   us   /daʊn/
  • down verb [T] (LOWER POSITION)

to ​cause something or someone to ​fall to the ​ground: We downed three ​enemyplanes with ​ourmissiles. The ​icestorm has downed ​trees and ​powerlines all over the ​region.
  • down verb [T] (EAT)

to ​eat or ​drink something ​quickly: He'd downed four ​beers before I'd ​finished one.
Idioms

downadjective

uk   us   /daʊn/
  • down adjective (UNHAPPY)

B2 unhappy; ​unable to ​feelexcited or ​energetic about anything: She's been really down since her ​husbandleft. I've been (​feeling) a little ​bit down this ​week.

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  • down adjective (NOT IN OPERATION)

C1 [after verb] (of a ​system or ​machine, ​especially a ​computer) not in ​operation or not ​working, usually only for a ​limitedperiod of ​time: The ​network will be down for an ​hour for ​routinemaintenance. The ​whole system's gone down.
See also

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downnoun

uk   us   /daʊn/

down-prefix

uk   us   /daʊn-/
at or towards the end or the ​lower or ​worsepart: downhill downriver down-market the ​downside
(Definition of down from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"down" in American English

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downpreposition, adverb [not gradable]

 us   /dɑʊn/
in or toward a ​low or ​lowerposition, from a ​higher one: There’s a ​bathroom down the ​stairs and to the ​right. He ​poured the ​rest of the ​coffee down the ​drain. The ​catjumped down from the ​chair. Please ​sit down (= ​stopstanding and come to a ​sittingposition). If you ​feelill, why don’t you ​lie down (= ​stopstanding and come to a ​lyingposition) for a while? Down also ​means to the ​ground, esp. as a ​result of an ​action that ​causes something to ​fall: We’re going to have to ​cut down this ​tree. Down also ​meansfirmly, in a ​fixedposition, esp. as a ​result of an ​action: Workers in the ​conventioncentertaped down the ​edges of the ​carpets. fig. We ​hope to ​nail down the ​agreement at tomorrow’s ​meeting.

downadjective, adverb [not gradable]

 us   /dɑʊn/
in or toward a ​lowerplace or ​level, a ​smalleramount, or a ​simplerstate: Unemployment went down last ​month, ​dropping to under 6%. Lots of ​stores are having ​sales, and ​prices are coming down. He was down to his last $5 (= that was all he had ​left). Down is used with a lot of ​verbs to show that something is ​becomingsmaller, ​weaker, ​slower, or less: The ​fireburned down. She’s ​slimmed down a lot in the past few ​months. Would you ​pleaseturn down the ​music – it’s too ​loud.
into a ​worseposition or ​state: Michigan, down (by) (= ​losing by) ten ​points at the ​half, came back to ​win the ​footballgame.

downadverb [not gradable]

 us   /dɑʊn/
used, esp. with ​prepositions, to ​emphasize that a ​place is ​far from the ​speaker or in or toward the ​south: I’ll ​meet you down at the ​healthclub after ​work. My ​parents moved down to Florida after they ​retired.
in writing or on ​paper: He ​agreed to the ​deal, but until we get it down on ​paper, we don’t have a ​legalcontract.
at the ​time of ​buying: She ​paid $100 down and the ​rest in installments.

downpreposition

 us   /dɑʊn/
  • down preposition (ALONG)

along: Her ​office is down the ​hall on the ​right.

downadjective

 us   /dɑʊn/
  • down adjective (UNHAPPY)

unhappy: I’m ​feeling a little down, I ​guess because most ​people have gone ​home for the ​holidays and I’m still here.
  • down adjective (NOT IN OPERATION)

[not gradable] (of a ​system or ​machine, esp. a ​computer) not in ​operation or not ​working, usually only for a ​limitedperiod of ​time: The ​network will be down until ​noon today.

downnoun [U]

 us   /dɑʊn/
  • down noun [U] (HAIR)

small, ​softfeathers or ​hair, esp. those of a ​youngbird

downverb [T]

 us   /dɑʊn/
  • down verb [T] (EAT)

to ​eat or ​drink something ​quickly: She ​quickly downed her ​tea and ​left to ​catch the ​bus.
(Definition of down from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"down" in Business English

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downadverb

uk   us   /daʊn/
at or towards a ​lowerlevel or a ​smalleramount: The ​stockmarket is down for the fifth week in a row.go/come down Consumers may be waiting for ​prices to come down before they ​buy. The ​number of ​workers here has gone down from 500 last ​year to 410. Production is down by almost a fifth.down 10p/10%/10 points, etc. Operating ​profits were down 50%.10p/10%/10 points, etc. down Lead ​closed three ​dollars down at $611 ​pertonne. Sales were way down on the same ​quarter last ​year. Most ​currencies in the ​regionended the week slightly down against the US ​dollar.
in writing or on ​paper: write/​note/jot sth downdown in writing/on paper Do you have it down in writing, or was it just a ​verbalagreement?have sb down for sth On next month's ​order I've got you down for three ​cases of ​supplies.
if you ​paymoney down on something, you ​paypart of the ​price and will ​pay the rest later: pay 10%/$100, etc. down We ​paid 10% down on the ​house and took out a ​mortgage for the rest.money/cash down The ​signadvertisedeasymortgages and ​houses with no ​money down.
having less ​money than before: The ​dealleft him almost $500 down.

downadjective

uk   us   /daʊn/
[after verb] IT if a ​computer or ​system is down, it is not ​working, usually for a ​limitedperiod: The ​network will be down for an hour for ​routinemaintenance. The whole system's gone down.

downverb [T]

uk   us   /daʊn/
down tools UK to ​refuse to continue ​working, especially because you are not satisfied with your ​pay or ​workingconditions: The ​printers are threatening to down ​tools if the ​payoffer is not ​increased to 8%.
(Definition of down from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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“down” in Business English

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