Meaning of “ecology” in the English Dictionary

"ecology" in American English

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ecologynoun [ U ]

us /ɪˈkɑl·ə·dʒi/

the relationship of living things to their environment and to each other, or the scientific study of this:

The oil spill caused great damage to the fragile ecology of the coastline.
ecological
adjective us /ˌi·kəˈlɑdʒ·ɪ·kəl, ˌek·ə-/

(Definition of “ecology” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"ecology" in Business English

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ecologynoun [ U or C ]

uk /iːˈkɒlədʒi/ us

ENVIRONMENT the relationship between living things and their environment:

The developments will extend further into the shore, so further destroying the river's ecology.

WORKPLACE, COMMERCE the relationship between the people working within a company or the relationship between different companies working together:

We need a healthy ecology of competing organizations: traditional companies, partnerships, mutuals, co-operatives, and social enterprises.
Business ecology deals with the relationships between stakeholders, corporate decision makers, and their environments.

(Definition of “ecology” from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)