Meaning of “faculty” in the English Dictionary

"faculty" in English

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uk /ˈfæk.əl.ti/ us /ˈfæk.əl.t̬i/

faculty noun (ABILITY)

C1 [ C usually plural ] a natural ability to hear, see, think, move, etc.:

Even at the age of 100, she still had all her faculties.
Is he in command/possession of all his faculties (= can he still hear, speak, see, and think clearly)?

[ C ] a special ability to do a particular thing:

She has a faculty for inspiring confidence in people.
Studying has certainly sharpened my critical faculties (= taught me to think carefully about things using my judgment).

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(Definition of “faculty” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"faculty" in American English

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facultynoun [ C ]

us /ˈfæk·əl·ti/

faculty noun [ C ] (COLLEGE TEACHERS)

the people who teach in a college or university, or in a department of a college or university

faculty noun [ C ] (ABILITY)

any natural ability, such as hearing, seeing, or thinking:

Even though she is 102, she still has all of her faculties.

(Definition of “faculty” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)