formation Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary
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Meaning of “formation” in the English Dictionary

"formation" in British English

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formationnoun

uk   /fɔːˈmeɪ.ʃən/  us   /fɔːr-/
C2 [C] the way something is ​naturally made or the way it has been ​arranged: a ​rock formation cloud formationsC2 [U] the ​development of something into a ​particular thing or ​shape: the formation of a ​crystalin formation Activities that are done in formation are done in a ​pattern by a ​number of ​people, ​vehicles, etc. ​moving together: marching in ​close formation [C] an ​arrangement of a team's ​players on a ​footballfield: There is a ​time for ​trying new formations and ​askingplayers to do ​slightly different things. a 4-4-2 formation
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(Definition of formation from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"formation" in American English

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formationnoun [C/U]

 /fɔrˈmeɪ·ʃən/

formation noun [C/U] (ROCK)

earth science a ​largearea of ​rock that has characteristics different from the ​landsurrounding it

formation noun [C/U] (COMING TOGETHER)

the ​process by which something comes into ​existence or ​begins to have a ​particularorder or ​shape: [U] They called for the formation of a ​committee to ​investigatecorruption. A formation is the ​particularform that something has taken, or the things or ​people having this ​form: [C] unusualcloud formations [U] The ​soldiersmarched in formation (= in an ​orderlyarrangement).
(Definition of formation from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"formation" in Business English

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formationnoun [U]

uk   us   /fɔːˈmeɪʃən/
the ​development or ​creation of a ​company, ​organization, etc.: His ​company has made excellent ​progress since its formation three ​years ago. The arts ​center is completing the formation of a ​searchcommittee for a new ​chiefexecutiveofficer.
(Definition of formation from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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