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Meaning of “former” in the English Dictionary

"former" in British English

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formeradjective [before noun]

uk   /ˈfɔː.mər/ us   /ˈfɔːr.mɚ/
B1 of or in an earlier time; before the present time or in the past: his former wife a former employer the former president of the United States The luxury apartments are in a former factory. The painting was then restored to its former glory (= returned to its original good condition). It was a long time after the accident before he seemed like his former self (= behaved in the way he had before).

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formernoun [S]

uk   /ˈfɔː.mər/ us   /ˈfɔːr.mɚ/
the former

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B2 the first of two people, things, or groups previously mentioned: Of the two suggestions, I prefer the former.
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-formersuffix

uk   / -fɔː.mər/ us   / -fɔːr.mɚ/
a student of the stated class group: sixth-formers (= students usually aged 16–18)
(Definition of former from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"former" in American English

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formeradjective [not gradable]

us   /ˈfɔr·mər/
of an earlier time, but not now: The former president lives on his ranch.

formernoun [U]

us   /ˈfɔr·mər/
  • former noun [U] (FIRST)

the first of two people, things, or groups previously mentioned: Of the two suggestions, I prefer the former.
(Definition of former from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"former" in Business English

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formeradjective [before noun]

uk   /ˈfɔːmər/ us  
used to describe something that existed or happened in the past
HR used to describe someone who had a particular position or job in the past: former chairman/director/president He's a Washington-based health policy consultant and former insurance executive.former colleague/employee/employer She was under investigation for allegedly defrauding her former employer out of $600,000.
(Definition of former from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
Translations of “former”
in Korean 전 -…
in Arabic سابِق…
in Malaysian terdahulu…
in French ancien…
in Russian бывший…
in Chinese (Traditional) 較早的,早先的, 以前的, 舊時的…
in Italian precedente, di prima, passato…
in Turkish önceki, geçmiş, sabık…
in Polish były, dawny…
in Spanish antiguo, anterior…
in Vietnamese trước, cũ, nguyên…
in Portuguese anterior, prévio…
in Thai ก่อน…
in German früher…
in Catalan antic…
in Japanese 元の…
in Chinese (Simplified) 较早的,早先的, 以前的, 旧时的…
in Indonesian dulu…
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“former” in British English

“former” in American English

“former” in Business English

Avoiding common errors with the word enough.
Avoiding common errors with the word enough.
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May 25, 2016
by Liz Walter Enough is a very common word, but it is easy to make mistakes with it. You need to be careful about its position in a sentence, and the prepositions or verb patterns that come after it. I’ll start with the position of enough in the sentence. When we use it with a noun,

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