Meaning of “gauge” in the English Dictionary

"gauge" in English

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gaugeverb [ T ]

US also gage uk /ɡeɪdʒ/ us /ɡeɪdʒ/

gaugenoun

US also gage uk /ɡeɪdʒ/ us /ɡeɪdʒ/

gauge noun (MEASURE)

[ C ] a device for measuring the amount or size of something:

[ C ] a device used to measure the pressure of the air in a tyre:

a tyre gauge

[ C ] specialized engineering the distance between the rails (= the two long metal bars attached to the ground) on a railway line:

a narrow-gauge/standard-gauge railway

[ C ] specialized engineering the thickness of something, especially metal or wire

[ C ] specialized US UK bore engineering the space inside a pipe or tube, or the diameter of (= measurement across) this space:

a narrow gauge
a gauge of 16 millimetres

-gaugesuffix

/ -ɡeɪdʒ/ / -ɡeɪdʒ/ mainly US UK usually -bore

(Definition of “gauge” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"gauge" in American English

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gaugeverb [ T ]

us /ɡeɪdʒ/

to calculate an amount by using a measuring device or by your own judgment, or to make a judgment about people’s feelings:

It was not easy to gauge his height from this distance, but he seemed pretty tall.
[ + question word ] It’s difficult to gauge how they’ll react when they hear the news.

gaugenoun [ C ]

us /ɡeɪdʒ/

a device for measuring the amount or size of something:

She used a pressure gauge to measure the air pressure in her bicycle tires.
The test is simply a gauge of (= a way of judging) how well they will do in college.

A gauge is also a measure of the thickness of a wire or of the opening inside the barrel (= long part) of a gun:

a 12-gauge shotgun

(Definition of “gauge” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"gauge" in Business English

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gaugeverb [ T ]

uk /ɡeɪdʒ/ us

to make a judgment about something:

What's the best way to gauge real levels of tax evasion?
gauge what/who/how sth It's not difficult to gauge how the markets will react to the latest fall in interest rates.

to calculate an amount, especially by using a measuring device

gaugenoun [ C ]

uk /ɡeɪdʒ/ us

a way of measuring or understanding something, for example, people's opinions or a level of something:

a gauge of sth Productivity is an important gauge of economic performance.
It's not easy to get any kind of accurate gauge of what young people think about this.

a method, set of calculations, etc. used to try to predict what will happen in the future:

According to the government's economic forecasting gauge, inflation will fall by another 1% next year.

a piece of equipment for measuring the amount or size of something:

a fuel gauge

(Definition of “gauge” from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

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gauge

Over the coming weeks it will be possible to gauge the exact scope of the constitutional and legislative reforms regarding the rule of law.
Above all we need to engage with our partners to gauge the real level of ambition and see if our ambitious vision of the round is genuinely shared by them.
We were able to gauge the good-will on both sides and almost completed discussions for the basis of an agreement on the long-term objectives to be achieved.
The nearer we get to monetary union and the more we can gauge the main consequence: the urgency of economic union.
Today, then, the matter in hand, a considerable one, is to assess and gauge the state of mind in which we, together with you, are going to approach these talks.
We therefore have some expertise to bring to bear on the subject and we are particularly well placed to gauge the extent of what has already been achieved.
In the accident barometer measured against the gauge of shipwrecks the traditional mercury has been replaced by oil or residual acid.
We need to refine our criteria at all levels of governance so that we can accurately gauge the needs and aims of regional development.
While, on the one hand, we must gauge the impact of this and reflect on consumption, it is also essential to fight against the increasing falsification of medicines.
What do we gauge as essential?