Meaning of “gauge” in the English Dictionary

"gauge" in British English

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gaugeverb [ T ]

US also gage uk /ɡeɪdʒ/ us /ɡeɪdʒ/

gaugenoun

US also gage uk /ɡeɪdʒ/ us /ɡeɪdʒ/

gauge noun (MEASURE)

[ C ] a device for measuring the amount or size of something:

[ C ] a device used to measure the pressure of the air in a tyre:

a tyre gauge

[ C ] specialized engineering the distance between the rails (= the two long metal bars attached to the ground) on a railway line:

a narrow-gauge/standard-gauge railway

[ C ] specialized engineering the thickness of something, especially metal or wire

[ C ] specialized US UK bore engineering the space inside a pipe or tube, or the diameter of (= measurement across) this space:

a narrow gauge
a gauge of 16 millimetres

-gaugesuffix

/ -ɡeɪdʒ/ / -ɡeɪdʒ/ mainly US UK usually -bore

(Definition of “gauge” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"gauge" in American English

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gaugeverb [ T ]

us /ɡeɪdʒ/

to calculate an amount by using a measuring device or by your own judgment, or to make a judgment about people’s feelings:

It was not easy to gauge his height from this distance, but he seemed pretty tall.
[ + question word ] It’s difficult to gauge how they’ll react when they hear the news.

gaugenoun [ C ]

us /ɡeɪdʒ/

a device for measuring the amount or size of something:

She used a pressure gauge to measure the air pressure in her bicycle tires.
The test is simply a gauge of (= a way of judging) how well they will do in college.

A gauge is also a measure of the thickness of a wire or of the opening inside the barrel (= long part) of a gun:

a 12-gauge shotgun

(Definition of “gauge” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"gauge" in Business English

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gaugeverb [ T ]

uk /ɡeɪdʒ/ us

to make a judgment about something:

What's the best way to gauge real levels of tax evasion?
gauge what/who/how sth It's not difficult to gauge how the markets will react to the latest fall in interest rates.

to calculate an amount, especially by using a measuring device

gaugenoun [ C ]

uk /ɡeɪdʒ/ us

a way of measuring or understanding something, for example, people's opinions or a level of something:

a gauge of sth Productivity is an important gauge of economic performance.
It's not easy to get any kind of accurate gauge of what young people think about this.

a method, set of calculations, etc. used to try to predict what will happen in the future:

According to the government's economic forecasting gauge, inflation will fall by another 1% next year.

a piece of equipment for measuring the amount or size of something:

a fuel gauge

(Definition of “gauge” from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)