Meaning of “geography” in the English Dictionary

"geography" in British English

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geographynoun [ U ]

uk /dʒiˈɒɡ.rə.fi/ us /dʒiˈɑː.ɡrə.fi/

A2 the study of the systems and processes involved in the world's weather, mountains, seas, lakes, etc. and of the ways in which countries and people organize life within an area

the geography of somewhere

the way all the parts of an area are arranged within it:

the geography of Australia
It's impossible to figure out the geography of this hospital.

More examples

  • a geography field trip
  • My favourite subjects at school were history and geography.

(Definition of “geography” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"geography" in American English

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geographynoun [ U ]

us /dʒiˈɑɡ·rə·fi/

social studies the study of the features and systems of the earth’s surface, including continents, mountains, seas, weather, and plant life, and of the ways in which countries and people organize life within an area

geographic
adjective [ not gradable ] us /ˌdʒi·əˈɡræf·ɪk/ also geographical, /ˌdʒi·əˈɡræf·ɪ·kəl/

a geographic region
geographically
adverb us /ˌdʒi·əˈɡræf·ɪk·li/

Japan is geographically close to North Korea.

(Definition of “geography” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"geography" in Business English

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geographynoun

uk /dʒiˈɒɡrəfi/ us

[ C ] plural geographies an area where a company operates or sells a product:

The company added that there had been a "business slowdown in all geographies."

(Definition of “geography” from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)