Meaning of “government” in the English Dictionary

"government" in English

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uk /ˈɡʌv.ən.mənt/ /ˈɡʌv.əm.mənt/ us /ˈɡʌv.ɚn.mənt/

government noun (GROUP)

B1 [ C, + sing/pl verb ] written abbreviation govt the group of people who officially control a country:

the government of Israel
The government is/are expected to announce its/their tax proposals today.
The minister has announced that there will be no change in government policy.
Senior government officials will be attending a meeting tomorrow.
Theatre companies are very concerned about cuts in government grants to the arts.
A government enquiry has been launched.

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government noun (SYSTEM)

B2 [ U ] the system used for controlling a country, city, or group of people:

The 1990s saw a shift to democratic government in Eastern Europe.
What this state needs is really strong government.

B2 [ U ] the activities involved in controlling a country, city, group of people, etc.:

The party that was elected to power has no experience of government.
UK The party was in government (= controlled the country) for four years in the 1960s.
Her/His Majesty's Government

the government of the UK

(Definition of “government” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"government" in American English

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governmentnoun [ C/U ]

us /ˈɡʌv·ərn·mənt, -ər·mənt/

politics & government the offices, departments, and groups of people that control a country, state, city, or other political unit:

[ U ] She works for the government.
[ C ] The new tax law affects the budgets of both state and local governments.

Government is also a particular system of managing a country, state, city, etc.:

[ U ] democratic government
adjective us /ˌɡʌv·ərnˈment·əl, -ərˈment·əl/

The country has weak governmental institutions and no experience of democracy.

(Definition of “government” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"government" in Business English

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uk /ˈɡʌvənmənt/ us written abbreviation govt GOVERNMENT

[ C ] an organization that officially manages and controls a country or region, creating laws, collecting taxes, providing public services, etc.:

The two governments have signed an agreement.
This fiscal year would mark the third government surplus in a row for the first time in over 50 years.
a federal/central/local/government
government official/regulator/employee Global business leaders and government officials gathered in Spain Friday for a meeting aimed at breaking down remaining trade barriers.
government agency/department Some government agencies have worked well together to combat terrorist financing.
government policy/program/services
the Chinese/Italian/British government The Chinese government has implemented economic reforms.

[ U ] the people, systems, etc. that manage or control a country or region:

The goal is to identify opportunities to reduce the cost of government.
a democratic form of government.
The President spoke of restoring confidence in government.
form a government

to bring political parties together to make a government when none of them has received a large enough number of votes in an election to control the government:

The former prime minister was seeking support from smaller parties to help form a government.
the government [ S ]

the government of a particular country, especially the country you are in or the one you have already referred to:

The figures are based on the government's survey of the labor force.

(Definition of “government” from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)