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Meaning of “hard” in the English Dictionary

"hard" in British English

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hardadjective

uk   /hɑːd/  us   /hɑːrd/
  • hard adjective (SOLID)

A2 not ​easy to ​bend, ​cut, or ​break: a hard ​surface There was a ​heavyfrost last ​night and the ​ground is still hard. Heating the ​clay makes it hard.
Opposite

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  • hard adjective (DIFFICULT)

A1 difficult to ​understand, do, ​experience, or ​deal with: There were some really hard ​questions in the ​exam. It's hard to say which of them is ​lying. It's hard being a ​singlemother. Her ​handwriting is very hard toread. He's a hard man to ​please. The ​topics get harder ​later in the ​course. I ​feelsorry for the ​kids, too - they've had a hard time.
Opposite

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  • hard adjective (USING EFFORT)

B1 needing or using a lot of ​physical or ​mentaleffort: Go on - give it a good hard ​push! It was hard work on the ​farm but ​satisfying.

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  • hard adjective (SEVERE)

B2 not ​pleasant or ​gentle; ​severe: You have to be ​quite hard to ​succeed in the ​propertybusiness. Ooh, you're a hard woman, Elaine! Our ​boss has been giving us all a hard time at ​work (= making ​ourtime at ​workdifficult).
be hard on sb
B2 to ​criticize someone ​severely, or to ​treat someone ​unfairly: Don't be too hard on him - he's new to the ​job.

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hardness
noun [U] uk   /ˈhɑːd.nəs/  us   /ˈhɑːrd.nəs/
These ​alloys are ​characterized by ​theirextreme hardness.

hardadverb

uk   /hɑːd/  us   /hɑːrd/
(Definition of hard from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"hard" in American English

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hardadjective [-er/-est only]

 us   /hɑrd/
firm and ​solid, or not ​easy to ​bend, ​cut, or ​break: It hadn’t rained in a ​longtime, and the ​ground was hard. He ​chewed on something hard and was ​afraid he’d ​broken a ​tooth.
difficult to ​understand or do: hard ​questions to ​answer [+ to infinitive] It’s hard to say which of them is ​lying. It’s hard being a ​workingmother. [+ to infinitive] Her ​handwriting is hard to ​read. She always does things the hard way (= makes things more ​difficult to do). I ​find her ​books hard going (= ​difficult and ​tiring).
needing or using a lot of ​physical or ​mentaleffort: Qualifying as a ​surgeon is hard ​work. We had ​fun cycling, but it was hard to go up the ​hills.
not ​pleasant or ​gentle; ​severe: She’s had a hard ​life. His ​boss is giving him a hard ​time (= is being ​unpleasant to him). Don’t be too hard on her – she’s just ​learning the ​job.
Someone who is hard on a ​piece of ​clothingtends to ​damage it ​quickly: I’m very hard on ​shoes.
If ​water is hard, it ​containsminerals (= ​chemicalsubstances) that ​preventsoap from ​producingbubbles and ​cleaningeasily.
(of a ​drug) ​dangerous and ​addictive (= giving you the ​habit of taking it), or (of a ​drink) ​containing a ​largeamount of ​alcohol
able to be ​proven: hard ​evidence

hardadverb [-er/-est only]

 us   /hɑrd/
with a lot of ​physical or ​mentaleffort: You have to ​push the ​door hard to ​open it.
If something is hard-earned or hard-won, it was ​achieved only after a lot of ​effort: hard-earned ​money/​knowledge/​fame hard-won ​freedoms/​battles
in a ​severe or ​forceful way: They took the ​defeat hard. It’s raining hard. She ​stepped on my ​toe really hard.
(Definition of hard from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"hard" in Business English

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hardadjective

uk   us   /hɑːd/
[before noun] used to describe ​information that can be proved: hard facts/figures/numbers There are no hard ​numbers on viewership ​levels. The ​reportdocumented hard ​evidence of problems at the ​refinery, ​includinglongoverdue or ​bypassedinspections.
[usually before noun] FINANCE, INSURANCE used to describe a ​market in which ​prices are high: The best ​time to ​market for new ​business that will ​carry you through a ​softmarket is when the ​market is hard. Many ​experts expect the hard ​market to last for at least 18 months, ​allowing the ​company to ​boostmargins by more than 10 ​percent.
Compare
hard to swallow
difficult to believe or ​accept: With ​Europeangovernments having so much ​invested in the ​company, ​outsourcing and ​downsizing have been hard to ​swallow.
(Definition of hard from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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“hard” in Business English

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