Meaning of “incumbent” in the English Dictionary

"incumbent" in English

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incumbentadjective

uk /ɪnˈkʌm.bənt/ us /ɪnˈkʌm.bənt/

incumbentnoun [ C ]

uk /ɪnˈkʌm.bənt/ us /ɪnˈkʌm.bənt/

(Definition of “incumbent” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"incumbent" in American English

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incumbentnoun [ C ]

us /ɪnˈkʌm·bənt/

incumbent noun [ C ] (PERSON)

politics & government (referring to the present time) a person who has a particular office or position, esp. an elected one:

Senator Smith, the incumbent, faces a tough fight for reelection next year.

incumbentadjective

us /ɪnˈkʌm·bənt/ fml

incumbent adjective (NECESSARY)

necessary:

[ + to infinitive ] It is incumbent upon (= necessary for) all of us to create a safe community.

(Definition of “incumbent” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"incumbent" in Business English

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incumbentnoun [ C ]

uk /ɪnˈkʌmbənt/ us formal

a person or business that holds a particular position in a company, market, industry, etc. at the present time:

The incumbent has been awarded the airline's new advertising contract, despite stiff competition from other agencies.

POLITICS the person who holds a particular elected position at the present time:

Three new mayoral candidates intend to challenge the incumbent.

incumbentadjective

uk /ɪnˈkʌmbənt/ us formal

[ before noun ] holding a particular position in a company, industry, etc. at the present time:

[ before noun ] POLITICS holding a particular elected position at the present time:

the incumbent mayor/president/vice-president
it is incumbent on sb to do sth

someone has a duty or responsibility to do something:

"I think it is incumbent on us to provide a good environment for business," he said.

(Definition of “incumbent” from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

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incumbent

The inshore fisheries sector can and must make this important economic activity compatible with preservation of the marine environment, which is both necessary and incumbent upon us.
Finally, it is my firm conviction that it is incumbent on the industrialised countries first and foremost to present proposals for the solution of the climate problem in practice.
They will be provided by a new investor in the market, not in any way connected with any of the incumbent companies.
The state media conducted an extensive campaign in favour of the incumbent political forces, whilst portraying the opposition in overwhelmingly negative terms.
The ground for this is that it is not for governments, supervisory authorities or incumbent management to accept or frustrate a bid.
However, as long as that is what the rule says, it is incumbent on us to obey it in letter and spirit.
On the one hand, it clearly establishes the commitments incumbent upon employers in connection with chemical substances that may be damaging to the safety and health of workers.
In the country's constitution, there is a special mechanism for placing power into the hands of the incumbent government during the preparation of elections.
Therefore it is incumbent on all of us to make sure that we are monitoring how taxpayers' money is spent in a number of areas, including the common agricultural policy.
Very often, new entrants find themselves discriminated against, in particular, where incumbent rail operators also have indirect control over the provision and use of rail infrastructure.

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