incumbent Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary Cambridge dictionaries logo

Meaning of “incumbent” in the English Dictionary

"incumbent" in British English

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incumbentadjective

uk   us   /ɪnˈkʌm.bənt/

incumbentnoun [C]

uk   us   /ɪnˈkʌm.bənt/
the ​person who has or had a ​particularofficialposition: the first/last/​previous incumbent The present incumbent (of the ​post) is ​due to ​retire next ​month.
(Definition of incumbent from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"incumbent" in American English

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incumbentnoun [C]

 us   /ɪnˈkʌm·bənt/
  • incumbent noun [C] (PERSON)

politics & government (referring to the ​presenttime) a ​person who has a ​particularoffice or ​position, esp. an ​elected one: Senator Smith, the incumbent, ​faces a ​toughfight for reelection next ​year.

incumbentadjective

 us   /ɪnˈkʌm·bənt/ fml
  • incumbent adjective (NECESSARY)

necessary: [+ to infinitive] It is incumbent upon (= ​necessary for) all of us to ​create a ​safecommunity.
(Definition of incumbent from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"incumbent" in Business English

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incumbentnoun [C]

uk   us   /ɪnˈkʌmbənt/ formal
a ​person or ​business that ​holds a particular ​position in a ​company, ​market, ​industry, etc. at the ​presenttime: The incumbent has been ​awarded the airline's new ​advertisingcontract, despite ​stiffcompetition from other ​agencies.
POLITICS the ​person who ​holds a particular ​electedposition at the ​presenttime: Three new mayoral ​candidates intend to ​challenge the incumbent.

incumbentadjective

uk   us   /ɪnˈkʌmbənt/ formal
[before noun] holding a particular ​position in a ​company, ​industry, etc. at the ​presenttime: the incumbent ​management/​director/​supplier
[before noun] POLITICS holding a particular ​electedposition at the ​presenttime: the incumbent mayor/​president/vice-president
it is incumbent on sb to do sth someone has a ​duty or ​responsibility to do something: "I ​think it is incumbent on us to ​provide a good ​environment for ​business," he said.
(Definition of incumbent from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
Translations of “incumbent”
in Chinese (Simplified) 现任的, 在职的…
in Turkish makam sahibi, görevli, memur…
in Russian лицо, занимающее должность…
in Chinese (Traditional) 現任的, 在職的…
in Polish osoba sprawująca urząd…
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“incumbent” in British English

“incumbent” in American English

“incumbent” in Business English

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