initial Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary Cambridge dictionaries logo
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Meaning of “initial” in the English Dictionary

"initial" in British English

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initialadjective [before noun]

uk   /ɪˈnɪʃ.əl/ us   /ɪˈnɪʃ.əl/

initialnoun [C usually plural]

uk   /ɪˈnɪʃ.əl/ us   /ɪˈnɪʃ.əl/

initialverb [T]

uk   /ɪˈnɪʃ.əl/ us   /ɪˈnɪʃ.əl/ -ll- or US usually -l-
to write your initials on something: If you make any changes to the document, please initial them.
(Definition of initial from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"initial" in American English

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initialadjective [not gradable]

us   /ɪˈnɪʃ·əl/
of or at the beginning; first: She failed her driving test on the initial try, but passed the next time. The president’s initial popularity soon disappeared.
initially
adverb [not gradable] us   /ɪˈnɪʃ·ə·li/
The ceremony, initially planned for this month, was postponed.

initialnoun [C]

us   /ɪˈnɪʃ·əl/
  • initial noun [C] (FIRST LETTER)

the first letter of a name, esp. when used to represent a name
Your initials are the first letters of each of your names: They will put your initials on the luggage for another $15.

initialverb [T]

us   /ɪˈnɪʃ·əl/
  • initial verb [T] (WRITE FIRST LETTERS)

to write your initials on something: Please initial each document.
(Definition of initial from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"initial" in Business English

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initialadjective [before noun]

uk   /ɪˈnɪʃəl/ us  
happening at the beginning: initial estimate/forecast Economists had expected GDP growth to be revised upwards from last month's initial estimate of 0.6%.initial charge/cost/fee The fund has an initial charge of 5.25%. Investors may not get back the full value of their initial investment.

initialverb [T]

uk   /ɪˈnɪʃəl/ us   initialling or US usually initialing, initialled or US usually initialed
to write the first letters of each of your names on an official document to show that you have read it and agree with it: Initial and date each page of the contract.
to discuss and agree to an arrangement with another organization, country, etc.: The two nations used the summit to initial a deal on energy cooperation.

initialnoun

uk   /ɪˈnɪʃəl/ us  
initials [plural]
the first letter of each of your names: He was dismissed for forging his manager's initials on the invoices.
one of the letters by which an organization may be known, which are usually the first letters of each of the words in its name: The insurance giant AIG's initials stand for American International Group.
(Definition of initial from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
Translations of “initial”
in Korean 처음의…
in Arabic أَوَّلي…
in Malaysian awal…
in French initial…
in Russian первоначальный…
in Chinese (Traditional) 開始的,最初的…
in Italian iniziale…
in Turkish ilk, başta olan, ilk meydana gelen…
in Polish początkowy…
in Spanish inicial…
in Vietnamese ban đầu…
in Portuguese inicial…
in Thai ชั้นต้น…
in German anfänglich…
in Catalan inicial…
in Japanese 最初の…
in Chinese (Simplified) 开始的,最初的…
in Indonesian awal…
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“initial” in British English

“initial” in Business English

Avoiding common errors with the word enough.
Avoiding common errors with the word enough.
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by Liz Walter Enough is a very common word, but it is easy to make mistakes with it. You need to be careful about its position in a sentence, and the prepositions or verb patterns that come after it. I’ll start with the position of enough in the sentence. When we use it with a noun,

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