Meaning of “lie” in the English Dictionary

"lie" in English

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lieverb

uk /laɪ/ us /laɪ/

lie verb (POSITION)

A2 [ I + adv/prep, L ] present participle lying, past tense lay, past participle lain to be in or move into a horizontal position on a surface:

to lie in bed
to lie on a beach
to lie on your side
A cat lay in front of the fire.
He lies awake at night, worrying.
A pen lay on the desk.

B1 [ I + adv/prep, L ] present participle lying, past tense lay, past participle lain If something lies in a particular place, position, or direction, it is in that place, position, or direction:

There's an old pair of shoes of yours lying at/in the bottom of the wardrobe.
The river lies 30 km to the south.
The team is lying third in the league.
Here lies the body of Mary Taylor (= this is where Mary Taylor is buried).
There are several houses lying empty in the town.
The town lay in ruins.
The ship lies off (= is positioned near) the coast of Spain.

[ I + adv/prep ] present participle lying, past tense lay, past participle lain to exist:

The hardest part of the competition still lies ahead of us.

C2 [ I usually + adv/prep ] present participle lying, past tense lay, past participle lain If responsibility, blame, a decision, a choice, etc. lies with someone, they have responsibility, must make the decision, etc.:

Responsibility for the disaster must ultimately lie with the government.
Where does the blame lie?
lie in state present participle lying, past tense lay, past participle lain

When the dead body of an important person lies in state, it is arranged so that the public can see and honour it before it is buried.

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lie verb (SPEAK FALSELY)

B1 [ I ] present participle lying, past tense lied, past participle lied to say or write something that is not true in order to deceive someone:

Are you lying to me?
Don't trust her - she's lying.
I suspect he lies about his age.
See also

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lienoun [ C ]

uk /laɪ/ us /laɪ/

B1 something you say that you know is not true:

I told a lie when I said I liked her haircut.

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(Definition of “lie” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"lie" in American English

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lieverb

us /lɑɪ/

lie verb (POSITION)

present participle lying /ˈlɑɪ·ɪŋ/ , past tense lay /leɪ/ , past participle lain /leɪn/ to be in or move into a horizontal position on a surface:

[ I always + adv/prep ] The mechanic was lying on his back underneath my car.
[ I always + adv/prep ] I love to lie down in front of the fire and read.
[ L ] He lies awake at night, worrying.

present participle lying /ˈlɑɪ·ɪŋ/ , past tense lay /leɪ/ , past participle lain /leɪn/ If something lies in a particular place, position, condition, or direction it is in that place, position, condition, or direction:

[ I always + adv/prep ] The river lies 40 miles to the south of us.
[ I always + adv/prep ] You shouldn’t leave that check lying around (= not in its place).

lie verb (SPEAK FALSELY)

[ I/T ] present participle lying /ˈlɑi·ɪŋ/ , past tense and past participle lied to say something that is not true in order to deceive:

[ I ] Both witnesses lied to the police about what happened.
[ T always + adv/prep ] She lied her way past the guards.
lie
noun [ C ] us /lɑɪ/
(SPEAKING FALSELY)

Her report is full of lies and misinformation.

(Definition of “lie” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

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lie

Nevertheless, the solution to this problem does not lie solely in establishing better trade between regions of abundance and regions of poverty.
What are the challenges that lie ahead?
Let me conclude by saying that the many benefits that we have demonstrated in this report should make us realise that the opportunities lie in innovation and not in depression.
The report also raises several issues which lie on the content side and are, therefore, outside the scope of the new framework for electronic communications.
He will also have had a hand in it, but the origins of the fight against money laundering lie in the 1991 directive.
We must find ways which give power back to the schools and to the parents and to the students because that is where responsibility should lie.
In fact, all too frequently, economic interests and political connivance lie behind this filthy crime, which marks the lives of thousands of children forever.
I therefore welcome the opportunity to take stock of the year and describe the tasks that still lie ahead of us.
In this regard, it must be stressed that its principal importance does not lie in the scale of fishing possibilities that it offers or indeed in its cost.
Might the reason lie in the fact that environmental policy costs money and yields economic results that are not immediately measurable?

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