Meaning of “lobby” in the English Dictionary

"lobby" in English

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lobbyverb [ I or T ]

uk /ˈlɒb.i/ us /ˈlɑː.bi/

C2 to try to persuade a politician, the government, or an official group that a particular thing should or should not happen, or that a law should be changed:

Small businesses have lobbied hard for/against changes in the tax laws.
[ + to infinitive ] Local residents lobbied to have the factory shut down.

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lobbynoun [ C ]

uk /ˈlɒb.i/ us /ˈlɑː.bi/

lobby noun [ C ] (PRESSURE GROUP)

a group of people who try to persuade the government or an official group to do something:

the anti-smoking lobby

lobby noun [ C ] (ROOM)

B2 the (large) room into which the main entrance door opens in a hotel or other large building

in the UK parliament, a room where someone meets a member of parliament who they have arranged to talk to, or one of the two passages that members of parliament walk through as a way of voting

(Definition of “lobby” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"lobby" in American English

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lobbynoun [ C ]

us /ˈlɑ·bi/

lobby noun [ C ] (SPACE)

a large, open space just inside the main entrance of a public building such as a hotel, office building, or theater:

As you enter the lobby, you’ll see the elevators on your right.

lobby noun [ C ] (PERSUADE)

politics & government a group of people who represent a particular industry or interest in dealing with a politician, official, etc.:

the environmental lobby

lobbyverb [ I/T ]

us /ˈlɑ·bi/

lobby verb [ I/T ] (PERSUADE)

politics & government to try to persuade an elected official to take a particular action or change a law:

[ T ] Council members have been lobbying colleagues on how to vote.
noun [ C ] us /ˈlɑb·i·ɪst/

lobbyists for the banking industry

(Definition of “lobby” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"lobby" in Business English

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lobbyverb [ I or T ]

uk /ˈlɒbi/ us GOVERNMENT

to try to persuade someone in authority, usually an elected member of a government, to support laws or rules that give your organization or industry an advantage:

lobby against/for sth He lobbies against restrictions on investment.
lobby hard/heavily A coalition of business groups lobbied hard to have the legislation changed.
lobby congress/lawmakers/ministers He said private schools would lobby the General Assembly to restore the funding.
lobby to do sth After the fatal crash, safety experts blamed the fuel-tank design and lobbied to make the cars safer.

lobbynoun [ C ]

uk /ˈlɒbi/ us plural lobbies GOVERNMENT

a group of people that lobbies someone in authority:

The leading employers' lobby called for less government regulation.
a powerful/strong/influential lobby A powerful lobby of property companies and retailers is being formed.
the pro-euro/pro-business/anti-gun lobby His firm has given £25,000 to the pro-euro lobby.
a business/consumer/trade lobby The government is under pressure from business lobbies who want taxes on companies reduced.
environmental/farmer's/energy lobby

(Definition of “lobby” from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)