Meaning of “local” in the English Dictionary

"local" in English

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uk /ˈləʊ.kəl/ us /ˈloʊ.kəl/

B1 from, existing in, serving, or responsible for a small area, especially of a country:

a local accent
local issues
Most of the local population depend on fishing for their income.
Our children all go to the local school.
Many local shops will be forced to close if the new supermarket is built.

limited to a particular part of the body:

a local anaesthetic
local swelling

More examples

localnoun [ C ]

uk /ˈləʊ.kəl/ us /ˈloʊ.kəl/

local noun [ C ] (PUB)

UK a pub near to where a person lives, especially if they often go there to drink:

The George is my local.

(Definition of “local” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"local" in American English

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localadjective [ not gradable ]

us /ˈloʊ·kəl/

local adjective [ not gradable ] (AREA)

from, existing in, or serving a particular place or small area:

the local population
the local newspaper
local phone calls
local government

medical Local also means limited to a particular part of the body:

a local anesthetic
verb [ I/T ] us /ˈloʊ·kəˌlɑɪz/

[ I ] The infection seems to have localized in the foot.
adverb [ not gradable ] us /ˈloʊ·kə·li/

localnoun [ C ]

us /ˈloʊ·kəl/

local noun [ C ] (VEHICLE)

a train or bus that stops at all or most of the places on its route where passengers can get on or off

local noun [ C ] (AREA)

a person who lives in the particular small area you are talking about:

If you’re lost and need directions, just ask one of the locals.

(Definition of “local” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"local" in Business English

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localadjective [ usually before noun ]

uk /ˈləʊkəl/ us

from or connected with a particular area:

The importation of goods from the United States has reduced growth in the local market.
US firms pay bonuses in dollars, in contrast to European rivals which tend to pay in local currency.
a local business/company/firm He has a four-month contract fixing computers at a local company.
This is a hugely serious problem at the local level, and we need to do something about it.

See also

localnoun [ C ]

uk /ˈləʊkəl/ us US

a part of an organization, especially a union (= workers' organization), representing people from a particular area:

The local in Oakland and Macomb has nearly 4,000 members.

(Definition of “local” from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)