Meaning of “medicine” in the English Dictionary

"medicine" in British English

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medicinenoun

uk /ˈmed.ɪ.sən/ /ˈmed.sən/ us /ˈmed.ɪ.sən/

medicine noun (TREATMENT)

B1 [ U ] treatment for illness or injury, or the study of this:

orthodox/Western medicine
a career in medicine
She is a doctor, but is unable to practise medicine (= work as a doctor) in her own country.

More examples

  • She is a cancer sufferer who has rejected orthodox medicine and turned instead to acupuncture, aromatherapy and other forms of alternative medicine.
  • Elizabeth Quan is a London-based practitioner of traditional Chinese medicine.
  • She specializes in paediatric medicine.
  • The number of practising doctors is falling even though more people are qualifying in medicine.
  • Penicillin produced a revolution in medicine.

medicine noun (SUBSTANCE)

A2 [ C or U ] a substance, especially in the form of a liquid or a pill, that is a treatment for illness or injury:

cough medicine
Take two spoonfuls of medicine at mealtimes.
She knows a lot about herbal medicines.

More examples

  • This medicine is for external use only and should not be taken internally.
  • Is this medicine safe for children?
  • The little boy was stamping his foot and refusing to take his medicine.
  • The trucks were laden with food and medicine.
  • This drug can be safely used in combination with other medicines.

(Definition of “medicine” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"medicine" in American English

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medicinenoun

us /ˈmed·ə·sɪn/

medicine noun (TREATMENT)

[ U ] the science dealing with the preserving of health and with preventing and treating disease or injury:

Pediatrics is a branch of medicine.
She continued to practice medicine until she was in her eighties.

medicine noun (SUBSTANCE)

[ C/U ] a substance taken into the body in treating an illness:

[ U ] Take two spoonfuls of cough medicine.
[ C ] This antibiotic should not be taken with other medicines.
medicinal
adjective us /məˈdɪs·ə·nəl/

The Indians used the plant as a medicinal substance.

(Definition of “medicine” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"medicine" in Business English

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medicinenoun

uk /ˈmedɪsən/ us

[ U ] the treatment of illness or injury, or the study of how illnesses and injuries are treated:

Medicine has advanced enormously over the past 100 years.
alternative/complementary/preventive medicine

[ C or U ] a drug that is used to treat illness or injury:

Producing new medicines is an enormously complex and costly process.
The President announced that he would send $320 million worth of food and medicine to the region.

(Definition of “medicine” from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)