Meaning of “moderate” in the English Dictionary

"moderate" in British English

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moderateadjective

uk /ˈmɒd.ər.ət/ us /ˈmɑː.dɚ.ət/

moderate adjective (MEDIUM-SIZED)

C1 neither small nor large in size, amount, degree, or strength:

The cabin is of moderate size - just right for a small family.
moderate growth/inflation
He's a moderate drinker.
Imposing sanctions is a moderate action when you consider that the alternative is military intervention.
There has been a moderate improvement in her health since she began the treatment.
We have had moderate success in changing people's attitudes.

More examples

  • A moderate intake of caffeine should not harm you.
  • Cook the sauce over a moderate heat.
  • They are looking for moderate economic growth.
  • The hotel was a moderate price.
  • Temperatures remained moderate throughout the day.

Thesaurus: synonyms and related words

moderately
adverb uk /ˈmɒd.ər.ət.li/ us /ˈmɑː.dɚ.ət.li/

C2

There's very little moderately priced housing in this area.
The company remains moderately profitable, but it is not making as much money as it should.

moderatenoun [ C ]

uk /ˈmɒd.ər.ət/ us /ˈmɑː.dɚ.ət/

a person whose opinions, especially their political ones, are not extreme and are therefore acceptable to a large number of people:

He is well-known as a moderate in the party.

More examples

  • The prime minister is looking towards the moderates for support.
  • She has always been known as a moderate.
  • He is a moderate when it comes to foreign policy.

moderateverb [ I or T ]

uk /ˈmɒd.ər.eɪt/ us /ˈmɑː.də.reɪt/

(Definition of “moderate” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"moderate" in American English

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moderateadjective

us /ˈmɑd·ər·ɪt/

moderate adjective (MEDIUM)

being within a middle range in size, amount, or degree; neither great nor little:

The rent has gone up over the years, but in moderate amounts.
The company was of moderate size, with about 50 employees.

moderate adjective (SOME)

some, but not as much or as great as desired:

There has been moderate improvement in her health since she began the treatment.

moderate adjective (NOT EXTREME)

(of opinions) not extreme:

When she was young she was a radical, but her political views have become more moderate as she has gotten older.
moderate
noun [ C ] us /ˈmɑd·ər·ɪt/

Of the seven members of the committee, five were political moderates.
moderation
noun [ U ] us /ˌmɑd·əˈreɪ·ʃən/

My doctor advised me to eat anything I want as long as it’s in moderation.

moderateverb [ I/T ]

us /ˈmɑd·əˌreɪt/

moderate verb [ I/T ] (LOSE STRENGTH)

to lose strength or force, or to make something less strong:

[ I ] The weather prediction is for strong winds, moderating by evening.

moderate verb [ I/T ] (MANAGE)

to manage a public discussion:

[ I/T ] The local TV anchorman is going to moderate (the debate).

(Definition of “moderate” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"moderate" in Business English

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moderateadjective

uk /ˈmɒdərət/ us

not very small or large but between the two:

moderate growth/inflation/increase Moderate growth last year was enough to raise a profit.
moderate gains/losses Investors saw moderate gains on Wall Street overnight.
People on low and moderate incomes spend proportionately much more on housing.
They split investments between high-yielding bonds and those of more moderate risk.

not extreme:

comparatively/relatively moderate Temporary lay-offs are a relatively moderate action when you consider that elsewhere whole factories have been shut.
Conservatives are suspicious of the Senator's moderate views.

moderateverb [ I or T ]

uk /ˈmɒdəreɪt/ us

to become smaller or less, or to make something do this:

Oil prices are expected to moderate.
In the short term a rising currency helps to moderate inflation.

to become less extreme, or to make something do this:

His views on some social issues had moderated over time.
There have been repeated calls for the director to moderate his plans for layoffs.

(Definition of “moderate” from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)