Meaning of “myth” in the English Dictionary

"myth" in British English

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uk /mɪθ/ us /mɪθ/

myth noun (ANCIENT STORY)

B2 [ C or U ] an ancient story or set of stories, especially explaining the early history of a group of people or about natural events and facts:

ancient myths
The children enjoyed the stories about the gods and goddesses of Greek and Roman myth.
Most societies have their own creation myths.

More examples

  • The writer's aim was to debunk the myth that had grown up around the actress.
  • It's difficult to disentangle hard fact from myth, or truth from lies.
  • The organization has peddled the myth that they are supporting the local population.
  • In Greek myth, love is personified by the goddess Aphrodite.
  • The popular myth is that air travel is more dangerous than travel by car or bus.

(Definition of “myth” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"myth" in American English

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mythnoun [ C/U ]

us /mɪθ/

literature a traditional story, esp. one which explains the early history or a cultural belief or practice of a group of people, or explains a natural event:

[ C ] Kids like the stories about the gods and goddesses of Greek and Roman myths.

A myth is also a commonly believed but false idea:

[ C ] Equal opportunity continues to be a myth for many.
adjective [ not gradable ] us /ˌmɪθ·əˈlɑdʒ·ɪ·kəl/

mythological tales

(Definition of “myth” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)